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Labour Market Adjustment in Areas of Chronic Industrial Decline: The Case of the UK Coalfields

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  • Christina Beatty
  • Stephen Fothergill
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    Abstract

    BEATTY C. and FOTHERGILL S. (1996) Labour market adjustment in areas of chronic industrial decline: the case of the UK coalfields, Reg. Studies 30, 627-640. The paper explores the labour market consequences of the near-terminal decline of employment in the UK coal industry. Despite the job loss, registered unemployment has not risen. Using labour market accounts derived mainly from Census of Population data, the paper examines the roles of migration, commuting, job creation and changes in labour force participation as mediating influences. Substantial 'hidden' male unemployment is exposed, and rates of 'real' unemployment are also calculated. BEATTY C. et FOTHERGILL S. (1996) L'ajustement du marche du travail dans les zones serieusement touchees par le declin industriel: cas d'etude des bassins houillers au Royaume-Uni, Reg. Studies 30, 627-640. Cet article cherche a examiner l'impact sur le marche du travail du declin quasi-terminal de l'emploi dans l'industrie houillere au Royaume-Uni. En depit des suppressions d'emploi, les inscriptions au chomage n'ont pas augmente. A partir des comptes du marche du travail provenant principalement du recensement de la population, l'article cherche a examiner le role de la migration, des migrations quotidiennes, de la creation d'emploi et des variations des taux d'activite comme des influences mediatrices. Du chomage masculin 'deguise' eleve se voit exposer et des taux de chomage 'reels' calculer. BEATTY C. und FOTHERGILL S. (1996) Anpassung des Arbeitsmarktes in Gebieten chronischen industriellen Niedergangs: der Fall des Kohlenreviers im Vereinigten Konigreich, Reg. Studies 30, 627-640. Dieser Aufsatz untersucht die Arbeitsmarktfolgeerscheinungen des nahezu hoffnunngslosen Absinkens der Erwerbstatigkeit in der Kohlenindustrie des Vereinigten Konigreichs. Trotz Stellenverlusten ist die als solche amtlich registrierte Arbeitslosigkeit nicht gestiegen. Mit Hilfe von Feststellungen des Arbeitsmarktes, die sich grosstenteils aus Angaben der Volkszahlumg ableiten, untersucht der Aufsatz die Rolle, die Wanderung, Pendelverkehr, Arbeitsbeschaffung und der dank Wandel in der Betriebsmitwirkung zunehmend vermittelnde Einfluss der Arbeiterschaft spielen. Es wird eine betrachtliche 'versteckte' Arbeitslosigkeit unter Mannern enthullt, und Raten 'echter' Arbeitslosigkeit berechnet.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 30 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 627-640

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:30:y:1996:i:7:p:627-640

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    Related research

    Keywords: Stellenverlust; Wanderung; Arbeitslosigkeit; Regeneration; Kohlenrevier;

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    Cited by:
    1. O'Leary, Nigel C. & Murphy, Philip D. & Latreille, Paul L. & Blackaby, David H. & Sloane, Peter J., 2005. "Accounting for Differences in Labour Market Outcomes in Great Britain: A Regional Analysis Using the Labour Force Survey," IZA Discussion Papers 1501, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Christina Beatty & Stephen Fothergill, 2002. "Hidden Unemployment Among Men: A Case Study," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(8), pages 811-823.
    3. Christina Beatty & Stephen Fothergill, 2005. "The diversion from 'unemployment' to 'sickness' across British regions and districts," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(7), pages 837-854.
    4. H Ingham & M Ingham & J Herbst, 2008. "Why do Local Unemployment Rates in Poland Vary so Much?," Working Papers 594943, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
    5. David Littlewood, 2014. "‘Cursed’ Communities? Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Company Towns and the Mining Industry in Namibia," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 120(1), pages 39-63, March.
    6. John Sutherland, 1999. "Further reflections on hidden unemployment: An examination of the off-flows from the claimant count in the North West of England," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 465-476.
    7. Nick J. Bowes, 2003. "The Competitiveness of Former Coalfields: Manufacturing Managers' Perceptions of Competitiveness Strengths and Weaknesses in South Yorkshire," Local Economy, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 135-158, May.
    8. Andrén, Daniela, 2001. "Long-Term Absenteeism Due To Sickness: The Swedish Experience, 1986-1991," Working Papers in Economics 47, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    9. Fuchs, Johann & Weber, Brigitte, 2010. "Umfang und Struktur der westdeutschen Stillen Reserve : Aktualisierte Schätzungen (Extent and structure of the hidden labour force in Western German)," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201011, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    10. Stephen Fothergill, 2001. "The True Scale of the Regional Problem in the UK," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(3), pages 241-246.
    11. Christina Beatty & Stephen Fothergill, 2004. "Economic Change and the Labour Market in Britain's Seaside Towns," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(5), pages 459-478.
    12. Hugo Benítez Silva & Richard Disney & Sergi Jiménez-Martín, 2009. "Disability, capacity for work and the business cycle: An international perspective," Economics Working Papers 1171, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    13. Christina Beatty & Stephen Fothergill & Rob Macmillan, 2000. "A Theory of Employment, Unemployment and Sickness," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(7), pages 617-630.
    14. Rind, Esther & Jones, Andy & Southall, Humphrey, 2014. "How is post-industrial decline associated with the geography of physical activity? Evidence from the Health Survey for England," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 88-97.
    15. David Armstrong, 1999. "Hidden Male Unemployment in Northern Ireland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(6), pages 499-511.
    16. Duncan McVicar, 2006. "Why do disability benefit rolls vary between regions? A review of the evidence from the USA and the UK," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 519-533.

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