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International R&D Spillovers: An Empirical Study

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  • Charbel Macdissi
  • Syoum Negassi
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    Abstract

    The existence of R&D spillovers or externalities i.e. the effects of firms' research activities on others firms activities was theoretically established by Arrow 1962a, but few empirical studies have addressed their effects on firm's economic performance ( i.e. productivity growth) and technological performance. In an open economy, firms' economic and technological performance depends on the position of these firms in their national and international technological environment. The main focus of this paper is on identifying the different channels through which international technology spillovers occurs between firms. Our statistical and econometric analysis determine that spillovers drive the productivity growth rates of individual firms. Thus, using a pooling method based on segmentation of bunched (or grouped by industry) individuals rather than those of usual individuals panel models, this empirical study shows that the international spillovers account for a substantial fraction of the variation in firm productivity growth. The estimated coefficients obtained for the classical variables (R&D and Human capital) are comparable to those obtained in the literature.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Economics of Innovation and New Technology.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 77-91

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:ecinnt:v:11:y:2002:i:2:p:77-91

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    Related research

    Keywords: International Spillovers; Externalities; Economic Performance; Productivity Growth; Innovation Output; Random Coefficient Method;

    References

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    1. Mody, Ashoka, 1993. "Learning through alliances," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 151-170, February.
    2. Jaffe, Adam B, 1986. "Technological Opportunity and Spillovers of R&D: Evidence from Firms' Patents, Profits, and Market Value," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(5), pages 984-1001, December.
    3. Aitken, Brian & Harrison, Ann & DEC, 1994. "Do domestic firms benefit from foreign direct investment? Evidence from panel data," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1248, The World Bank.
    4. Bhattacharya, S. & Glazer, J. & Sappington, D., 1991. "Licensing and the Sharing of Knowledge in Research Joint Ventures," Discussion Paper 1991-20, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
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    9. repec:fth:harver:1473 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Haddad, Mona & Harrison, Ann, 1993. "Are there positive spillovers from direct foreign investment? : Evidence from panel data for Morocco," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 51-74, October.
    11. Bernstein, Jeffrey I, 1989. "The Structure of Canadian Inter-industry R&D Spillovers, and the Rates of Return to R&D," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(3), pages 315-28, March.
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    14. Griliches, Zvi, 1990. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 28(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
    15. Perez-Castrillo, J. David & Sandonis, Joel, 1997. "Disclosure of know-how in research joint ventures," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 51-75, February.
    16. d'Aspremont, Claude & Jacquemin, Alexis, 1988. "Cooperative and Noncooperative R&D in Duopoly with Spillovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(5), pages 1133-37, December.
    17. Kesteloot, Katrien & Veugelers, Reinhilde, 1995. "Stable R&D Cooperation with Spillovers," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(4), pages 651-72, Winter.
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