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Poor Eyesight and Educational Outcomes in Ethiopia

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  • Robert Poppe

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    Abstract

    This paper is one of the few papers to investigate the relationship between poor eyesight and educational outcomes. Using data from rural Ethiopia that collected data on visual acuity, results show that girls with poor eyesight have an increased probability of dropping out of school. Girls that suffer from poor eyesight have an 8 percentage points higher probability of dropping out of school. No such relationship for boys is found. Results also show that, for both boys and girls, learning achievement is negatively related with poor eyesight. The paper sheds light on the potential benefits to educational outcomes of providing eyeglasses to visually impaired children. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s12114-014-9177-y
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal The Review of Black Political Economy.

    Volume (Year): 41 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 205-223

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:blkpoe:v:41:y:2014:i:2:p:205-223

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    Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/12114
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    Related research

    Keywords: Eyesight; Health; Dropout; Education; Ethiopia;

    References

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    1. Nzinga H. Broussard, 2012. "Food aid and adult nutrition in rural Ethiopia," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 43(1), pages 45-59, 01.
    2. Psacharopoulos, George & Patrinos, Harry Anthony, 2002. "Returns to investment in education : a further update," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2881, The World Bank.
    3. Futoshi Yamauchi, 2008. "Early Childhood Nutrition, Schooling, and Sibling Inequality in a Dynamic Context: Evidence from South Africa," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 56, pages 657-682.
    4. Adriana Lleras-Muney, 2005. "The Relationship Between Education and Adult Mortality in the United States," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(1), pages 189-221.
    5. Eide, Eric R. & Showalter, Mark H., 2011. "Estimating the relation between health and education: What do we know and what do we need to know?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 778-791, October.
    6. Batista Gomes, J. & Hanushek, E.A. & Helio Leite, R., 1992. "Health and Schooling: Evidence and Policy Implications for Developping Countries," RCER Working Papers 306, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    7. Glewwe, Paul & Park, Albert & Zhao, Meng, 2012. "Visualizing Development:Eyeglasses and Academic Performance in Rural Primary Schools in China," Working Papers 120032, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
    8. Hannum, Emily & Zhang, Yuping, 2012. "Poverty and Proximate Barriers to Learning: Vision Deficiencies, Vision Correction and Educational Outcomes in Rural Northwest China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(9), pages 1921-1931.
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