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The causal relationship between education, health and health related behaviour: Evidence from a natural experiment in England

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  • Braakmann, Nils

Abstract

I exploit exogenous variation in the likelihood to obtain any sort of educational qualification between January- and February-born individuals for 13 academic cohorts in England. For these cohorts compulsory schooling laws interacted with the timing of the CSE and O-level exams to change the probability of obtaining a qualification by around 2-3 percentage points. I then use data on individuals born in these two months from the British Labour Force Survey and the Health Survey for England to investigate the effects of education on health using being February-born as an instrument for education. The results indicate neither an effect of education on various health related measures nor an effect on health related behaviour, e.g., smoking, drinking or eating various types of food.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Health Economics.

Volume (Year): 30 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 (July)
Pages: 753-763

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:30:y:2011:i:4:p:753-763

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505560

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Keywords: Education Health Socio-economic gradient Education gradient Compulsory schooling;

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References

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  1. Joshua D. Angrist, 2000. "Estimation of Limited-Dependent Variable Models with Dummy Endogenous Regressors: Simple Strategies for Empirical Practice," NBER Technical Working Papers 0248, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Grossman, Michael, 2006. "Education and Nonmarket Outcomes," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Education and health behaviours
    by Kevin Denny in Geary Behaviour Centre on 2010-11-21 23:07:00
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Cited by:
  1. Heinz Welsch, 2012. "Organic Food and Human Health: Instrumental Variables Evidence," Working Papers V-349-12, University of Oldenburg, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2012.
  2. repec:old:wpaper:349 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Giorgio Brunello & Margherita Fort & Nichole Schneeweis & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2011. "The Causal Effect of Education on Health: What is the Role of Health Behaviors?," Economics working papers 2011-06, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, revised Nov 2011.
  4. Leuven, Edwin & Oosterbeek, Hessel & de Wolf, Inge, 2013. "The effects of medical school on health outcomes: Evidence from admission lotteries," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 698-707.
  5. repec:iae:iaewps:wp2014n01 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Bijwaard, Govert & van Kippersluis, Hans & Veenman, Justus, 2013. "Education and Health: The Role of Cognitive Ability," IZA Discussion Papers 7648, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Brunello, Giorgio & Fort, Margherita & Schneeweis, Nicole & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2011. "The Causal Effect of Education on Health," Economics Series 280, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  8. Govert Bijwaard & Hans van Kippersluis & Justus Veenman, 2013. "Education and Health: The Role of Cognitive Ability," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-044/V, Tinbergen Institute.

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