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“India in the Outsourcing/Offshoring Process: A Western Perspective” - L’India nel processo di outsourcing/offshoring: un punto di vista occidentale

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  • Beretta, Silvio

    ()
    (Università di Pavia, Facoltà di Scienze Politiche, Dipartimento di Statistica e Diritto)

  • Targetti Lenti, Renata

    ()
    (Università di Pavia, Facoltà di Scienze Politiche, Dipartimento di Statistica e Diritto)

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    Abstract

    This paper examines India’s pattern of development, on the basis of the hypothesis that India today reflects the legacy of a combination of policies simultaneously favouring and disfavouring domestic entrepreneurship. India differs from all other economic systems at the same development level in at least two respects, namely the skill intensity of exports and the variety of products. The paper discusses the challenges and opportunities which derive from India’s position in the globalization process with particular reference to outsourcing/offshoring, to the ‘second unbundling’ and to the rise of an international market of tasks. - Il lavoro esamina le caratteristiche dello sviluppo indiano, ipotizzando che l’India di oggi rifletta le conseguenze congiunte di politiche che per alcuni aspetti hanno incoraggiato l’impresa nazionale, ma per altri l’hanno ostacolata. L’India è diversa dagli altri sistemi economici caratterizzati da un grado di sviluppo comparabile da almeno due punti di vista: l’“intensità di conoscenza” delle sue esportazioni e l’ampia gamma dei suoi prodotti. Il lavoro si sofferma sulle sfide e le opportunità che derivano all’India dalla sua collocazione nel sistema globale, con particolare riferimento al processo di outsourcing/offshoring, al fenomeno noto come “secondo spacchettamento” e allo sviluppo di un mercato internazionale delle mansioni lavorative.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Camera di Commercio di Genova in its journal Economia Internazionale / International Economics.

    Volume (Year): 64 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 269-296

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0624

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    Keywords: Europe; India; Italy; Globalization; Offshoring; Outsourcing; Unbundling;

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    References

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    1. Holger Görg & Aoife Hanley, 2008. "Services Outsourcing and Innovation: An empirical investigation," Kiel Working Papers 1417, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    2. Mari Sako, 2006. "Outsourcing and Offshoring: Implications for Productivity of Business Services," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(4), pages 499-512, Winter.
    3. Alexander HIJZEN & INUI Tomohiko & TODO Yasuyuki, 2007. "Does Offshoring Pay? Firm-Level Evidence from Japan," Discussion papers 07005, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    4. Chamarbagwala, Rubiana, 2006. "Economic Liberalization and Wage Inequality in India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(12), pages 1997-2015, December.
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    7. Baldwin, Richard & Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2014. "Trade-in-goods and trade-in-tasks: An integrating framework," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 51-62.
    8. Görg, Holger & Hanley, Aoife & Strobl, Eric, 2007. "Productivity Effects of International Outsourcing: Evidence from Plant Level Data," CEPR Discussion Papers 6361, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Gianmarco Ottaviano & Thierry Mayer, 2007. "The happy few: the internationalisation of European firms New facts based on firm-level evidence," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/10147, Sciences Po.
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    11. Desireé van Welsum & Xavier Reif, 2009. "We Can Work It Out: The Globalization of ICT-Enabled Services," NBER Chapters, in: International Trade in Services and Intangibles in the Era of Globalization, pages 289-325 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    13. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Shawn Cole & Esther Duflo, 2004. "Banking Reform in India," India Policy Forum, Global Economy and Development Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 1(1), pages 277-332.
    14. Ann Harrison & Margaret McMillan, 2011. "Offshoring Jobs? Multinationals and U.S. Manufacturing Employment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(3), pages 857-875, August.
    15. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Esther Duflo, 2000. "Reputation Effects And The Limits Of Contracting: A Study Of The Indian Software Industry," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 115(3), pages 989-1017, August.
    16. Glass, Amy Jocelyn & Saggi, Kamal, 2001. "Innovation and wage effects of international outsourcing," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 67-86, January.
    17. Jesus Felipe & Utsav Kumar & Arnelyn Abdon, 2010. "Exports, Capabilities, and Industrial Policy in India," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_638, Levy Economics Institute.
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    20. Petia Topalova, 2004. "Trade Liberalization and Firm Productivity," IMF Working Papers 04/28, International Monetary Fund.
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