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Cycles économiques et innovations de service : à la lumière de la pensée schumpéterienne

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  • Faïz Gallouj

Abstract

[fre] Les théories du cycle long accordent peu de place aux services et à l'innovation de service. Pourtant, l'oeuvre de Schumpeter fournit des concepts très suggestifs à cet égard. Elle offre notamment une définition large et ouverte de l'innovation. Elle permet en outre de soulever les questions suivantes: quelle est la place des services et de leur innovation dans les cycles longs? La tendance à la désindustrialisation des économies développées ne peut- elle être aussi interprétée comme un processus de destruction des vieilles structures industrielles et de création de firmes de services selon le processus schumpéterien de destruction créatrice? L'esprit schumpéterien d'entreprise, ensuite, n'est-il pas également présent dans les services, et l'esprit d'entreprise des firmes industrielles, elles-mêmes, n'est-il pas partagé en partie avec certaines catégories de services notamment de type conseil? [eng] Long-wave theories generally neglect service activities and service innovations. Nevertheless Schumpeter's analysis provides us with very suggestive concepts. It provides in particular a large and open definition of innovation. Moreover it enables us to ask following questions: What is the place of service activities and of their innovations in the long-waves? May we interpret de-industrialization tendancies of developed economies as a process of destruction of old industrial structures and of their replacement by new service firms, respective to the schumpeterian mechanism of creative destruction? Is the schumpeterian entrepreneurial function involved in service activities and isn't the entrepreneurial function of industrial firms itself partly shared with some special service activities namely consultancy activities?

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 9 (1994)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 169-213

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1994_num_9_4_969

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1994.969
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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