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Une approche empirique de la structure du marché du travail : salaires, formes de mobilité et formation professionnelle continue

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  • Xavier Joutard
  • Saïd Hanchane
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    Abstract

    [fre] Une approche empirique de la structure du marché du travail : salaires, formes de mobilité et formation . professionnelle continue par Sa'id Hanchane et Xavier Joutard . Pour étudier la structure du marché du travail français, on propose une approche multisectorielle mêlant deux critères : les formes de mobilité et le passage par des stages de formation continue financés par l'entreprise. L'estimation de fonctions de gains laisse apparaître des relations salariales distinctes entre les régimes et confirme la transformation des marchés internes français. Afin d'échapper à l'une des critiques adressées aux tests de segmentation, nous relâchons l'hypothèse d'indépendance des alternatives non pertinentes. L'usage de modèles Logit emboîtés discriminés à l'aide du test de Vuong (1989) nous permet de repérer la disposition qui ajuste le mieux les données. Les résultats montrent que l'existence ou non de la formation continue signalerait la présence d'une segmentation. [eng] An Empirical Approach to the Labour Market Structure: Wages, Forms of Mobility and In-Service Vocational . Training by Said Hanchane and Xavier Joutard . In our study of the French labour market structure, we propose a multisectoral approach combining two criteria: forms of mobility and in-service training courses financed by the company. An estimation of gains functions finds distinct wage relations between the systems and confirms the transformation of French internal markets. To avoid one of the criticisms of segmentation tests, we modify the hypothesis of the independence of non-pertinent alternatives. We use the Vuong test to discriminate between nested Logit models (1989) to identify the best fit for the data. The findings show that the existence or absence of in-service training indicates the presence of a segmentation.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 135 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 57-75

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1998_num_135_4_5923

    Note: DOI:doi:10.3406/ecop.1998.5923
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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    1. repec:fth:stanho:e-90-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Hélène Zajdela & Pierre Cahuc, 1991. "Comment expliquer le dualisme du marché du travail à partir de comportements rationnels ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 469-492.
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    13. Éric Maurin & Dominique Goux, 1994. "Éducation, expérience et salaire," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 116(5), pages 155-178.
    14. Lee, Lung-Fei & Porter, Robert H, 1984. "Switching Regression Models with Imperfect Sample Separation Information-With an Application on Cartel Stability," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(2), pages 391-418, March.
    15. Chantal Cases, 1994. "Durées de chômage et comportements d'offre de travail : une revue de la littérature," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 113(2), pages 155-170.
    16. Hanchane, S. & Moullet, S., 1997. "Mesure et analyse des rendements educatifs: Le cas francais," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 97b07, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
    17. Maddala, G.S., 1986. "Disequilibrium, self-selection, and switching models," Handbook of Econometrics, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 28, pages 1633-1688 Elsevier.
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