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Incertitude, concurrence entre grandes et petites firmes et altération de la relation structure-performance

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  • Sophie Lecostey
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    Abstract

    [spa] Incertidumbre y competencia entre grandes y pequeñas empresas, y alteración de la relación estructura-efïcacia, . por Sophie Lecostey.. . La incertidumbre de la demanda puede llevar a las grandes empresas, que deben hacer trente a las pequeñas empresas flexibles, a adoptar nuevas estrategias. El método de análisis adoptado es un modelo de mercado de empresas dominantes, siendo la variable estratégica elgrado de competencia entre empresas dominantes, que refleja supuestamente la intensidad de la competencia que libran estas empresas, en realidad colusivas, a sus rivales comerciales. La prueba empírica a partir de datos franceses sugiere que la alteración de la relación estructura-eficacia observada se debe a las industrias que presentan una considerable incertidumbre de la demanda. [fre] Incertitude, concurrence entre grandes et petites firmes et altération de la relation structure-performance, . par Sophie Lecostey.. . L'incertitude de la demande peut conduire les grandes firmes confrontées à de petites firmes flexibles, à adopter de nouvelles stratégies. Le cadre d'analyse adopté est un modèle de marché à firmes dominantes, la variable stratégique étant le degré de concurrence entre firmes dominantes, supposé refléter l'intensité de la concurrence que livrent ces firmes, en réalité collusives, à leurs rivales concurrentielles. Le test empirique sur données françaises suggère que l'altération de la relation structure-performance observée est due aux industries à forte incertitude de la demande. [eng] Uncertainty and Competition between Small and Large Firms and Alteration of the Structure-Performance Relationship, . by Sophie Lecostey.. . With uncertainty in demand, large firms competing with smaller, more flexible firms may be led to adopt new strategies. The framework for analyses is a market with dominant firms, the strategic variable being the "degree of competition between dominant firms", actually a reflection of the degree of competition of collusive large firms with their small rivals. The empirical tests from French data suggest that the deterioration in the structure-performance relationship observed is due to industries where the level of demand uncertainty is high. [ger] Unsicherheit, Wettbewerb zwischen grofien und kleinen Unternehmen und Änderung des Struktur/Leistungsverhältnisses, . von Sophie Lecostey.. . Die Unsicherheit der Nachfrage kann die großen Unternehmen, die mit der Konkurrenz kleiner flexibler Unternehmen konfrontiert sind, zur Annahme neuer Strategien veranlassen. Bei dem fiir die Analyse verwandten Rahmen handelt es sich um ein Marktmodell mit dominierenden Unternehmen, wobei die strategische Variable der Grad des Wettbewerbs zwischen dominierenden Unternehmen ist, der die Intensität des Wettbewerbs widerspiegeln soil, den diese Unternehmen, die sich in Wirklichkeit abgesprochen haben? ihren Konkurrenten liefern. Der empirische Test anhand französischer Daten legt den Schluß nahe, daß die beobachtete Änderung des Struktur/Leistungsverhältnisses auf die Branchen mit starker Nachfrageunsicherheit zurückzuführen ist.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 102 (1992)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 11-25

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1992_num_102_1_5272

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1992.5272
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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    1. Michel Didier, 1982. "Crise et concentration du secteur productif," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 144(1), pages 3-12.
    2. Mills, David E., 1986. "Flexibility and firm diversity with demand fluctuations," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 203-215, June.
    3. Sheshinski, Eytan & Dreze, Jacques H, 1976. "Demand Fluctuations, Capacity Utilization, and Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 66(5), pages 731-42, December.
    4. Mills, David E, 1984. "Demand Fluctuations and Endogenous Firm Flexibility," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(1), pages 55-71, September.
    5. Turnovsky, Stephen J, 1973. "Production Flexibility, Price Uncertainty and the Behavior of the Competitive Firm," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(2), pages 395-413, June.
    6. Mills, David E & Schumann, Laurence, 1985. "Industry Structure with Fluctuating Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 758-67, September.
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