Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Crise et concentration du secteur productif

Contents:

Author Info

  • Michel Didier
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    [fre] En termes d'effectifs employés, on assiste à une tendance séculaire à l'augmentation de la taille des établissements et des entreprises. Cette concentration s'effectue davantage par la réduction du nombre des petites unités de production que par la multiplication des grandes : en France 18 % de l'emploi industriel est occupé dans des établissements de moins de 10 salariés en 1981, contre 58 % en 1906; mais au-dessus de 10 salariés la répartition de l'emploi par taille d'établissement est restée à peu près la même. Cependant, en période de crise (dans les années trente et à partir de 1973), les petites entreprises retrouvent un dynamisme qui tranche avec la dépression de l'emploi. Ce regain des petites unités de manifeste dans tous les secteurs et ne résulte donc pas seulement de la déformation de l'appareil industriel par activité économique. Les raisons de ce dynamisme semblent aujourd'hui durables et pourraient conduire à une inversion de la tendance séculaire. [eng] The Crisis and the Concentration of the Production Sector - In terms of manpower, the century-old tendency has been towards an Increase in the size of businesses and firms. This concentration takes place more through the reduction in the number of small production units than through the multiplication of large ones : in France, 18% of industrial employment is in businesses having less than 10 employees, as against 58% in 1906; but for over 10 employees, the distribution of employment in terms of the size of the business has remained approximately the same. However, in a time of economic crisis (in the 30's and after 1973), small firms recover a dynamism which contrasts with the depressed job market. This recovery of small units is apparent in all sectors and thus is not merely the consequence of the deformation of the industrial system by economic activity. The reasons for this dynamism now seem to be lasting and could lead to a reversal of the century-old trend. [spa] Crisis y concentración del sector productivo - En términos de numéro de personas empleadas, puede verificarse una tendencia secular de incremento del tamano de establecimientos y empresas. Dicha concentración se efectúa mis pronto a ralz del descenso del número de pequeñas unidades de producción que a consecuencia de la multiplicación de grandes unidades : en Francia, un 18% del empleo industrial se halla ocupado en establecimientos que contaban menos de diez asalariados en 1981, contra un 58% en 1906; mas al superar los diez asalariados, la distribución laboral por tamano de establecimiento permaneció poco mis o menos idéntica. No obstante, en tiempos de crisis (en los anos del treinta y a partir de 1973), las pequenas empresas recobraron un dinamismo contrapuesto a la aminoración del empleo. Esta reactivación por parte de pequeñas unidades se manifiesta en todos los sectores y por consiguiente no resulta únicamente de la alteración del aparato industrial por actividad económica. Las razones de dicho dinamismo parecen, hoy dia, duraderas y seria factible que rematen en una inversión de tendencia secular.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/estat_0336-1454_1982_num_144_1_4611
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/estat_0336-1454_1982_num_144_1_4611/estat_0336-1454_1982_num_144_1_4611.pdf?mode=light
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 144 (1982)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 3-12

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1982_num_144_1_4611

    Note: DOI:doi:10.3406/estat.1982.4611
    Contact details of provider:
    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

    Related research

    Keywords:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Patricia Renou-Maissant & Jean Bonnet, 2000. "La régulation macro-économique et sectorielle de la démographie d'entreprises," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 145(4), pages 19-40.
    2. Mathilde Aubry & Jean Bonnet & Patricia Renou-Maissant, 2013. "Business cycle and entrepreneurial behavior using French regional data," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201304, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    3. Sophie Lecostey, 1992. "Incertitude, concurrence entre grandes et petites firmes et altération de la relation structure-performance," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 102(1), pages 11-25.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1982_num_144_1_4611. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.