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Using Contingent Valuation to Measure User and Nonuser Benefits: An Application to Public Transit


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  • Kathleen M. Painter
  • Robert Douglas Scott
  • Philip R. Wandschneider
  • Kenneth L. Casavant
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    The contingent valuation method (CVM) was used to measure the value of a community service, rural transit, that has both user and nonuser values. Traditional focus groups and a CVM questionnaire provide estimates of willingness to pay and willingness to accept. Tobit analysis was used to test relationships among the variables. Income was not related to the amount of perceived benefit, but the alternative desire to provide transit for others was statistically significant. Ranges for possible total benefits, user and nonuser, are provided for the test transit systems. Proper aggregation of benefits to the population was found to be critical. Copyright 2002, Oxford University Press.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Agricultural and Applied Economics Association in its journal Review of Agricultural Economics.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 394-409

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    Handle: RePEc:oup:revage:v:24:y:2002:i:2:p:394-409

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    Cited by:
    1. Michael Ahlheim & Benchaphun Ekasingh & Oliver Frör & Jirawan Kitchaicharoen & Andreas Neef & Chapika Sangkapitux & Nopasom Sinphurmsukskul, 2008. "Better than their reputation - A case for mail surveys in contingent valuation," Diskussionspapiere aus dem Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre der Universität Hohenheim 297/2008, Department of Economics, University of Hohenheim, Germany.
    2. Ahlheim, Michael & Frör, Oliver & Heinke, Antonia & Duc, Nguyen Minh & Dinh, Pham Van, 2010. "Labour as a utility measure in contingent valuation studies: how good is it really?," FZID Discussion Papers 13-2010, University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID).
    3. Michael Ahlheim & Benchaphun Ekasingh & Oliver Frör & Jirawan Kitchaincharoen & Andreas Neef & Chapika Sangkapitux & Nopasom Sinphurmsukskul, 2007. "Using Citizen Expert Groups in Environmental Valuation - Lessons from a CVM study in Northern Thailand," Diskussionspapiere aus dem Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre der Universität Hohenheim 283/2007, Department of Economics, University of Hohenheim, Germany.
    4. Laird, James & Geurs, Karst & Nash, Chris, 2009. "Option and non-use values and rail project appraisal," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 173-182, August.
    5. Ahlheim, Michael & Fror, Oliver & Heinke, Antonia & Keil, Alwin & Duc, Nguyen Minh & Dinh, Pham Van & Saint-Macary, Camille & Zeller, Manfred, 2009. "Landslides in Mountainous Regions of Northern Vietnam: Causes, Protection Strategies and the Assessment of Economic Losses," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/11413, Paris Dauphine University.
    6. Johnson, Daniel & Jackson, James & Nash, Chris, 2013. "The wider value of rural rail provision," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 126-135.
    7. Justin Chang & Soo Cho & Beom Lee & Yonghwan Kim & Suk Yun, 2012. "A dichotomous choice survey for quantifying option and non-use values of bus services in Korea," Transportation, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 33-54, January.


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