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A gazdasági átalakulás két szakasza és az emberi tőke átértékelődése. A bérszerkezet átalakulása Magyarországon 1986-1999 - III. rész
[The two stages of economic transformation and the re-evaluation of human capital. Development of the wage structure in Hungary 1986-1999, Part III]

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Author Info

  • Kertesi, Gábor
  • Köllő, János
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    Abstract

    A tanulmány a különböző iskolázottságú és életkorú munkaerőcsoportok piaci értékelésének és termelékenységének alakulását elemzi 1986 és 1999 között egyéni kereseti adatok, valamint (a nagyvállalatokra becsült) termelési függvények segítségével. A béradatok az iskolázottság hozamának általános, minden korosztályra kiterjedő emelkedését - másként: a képzetlen munkaerő bérének csökkenését - mutatták 1989 és 1992 között. A transzformációs visszaesés után azonban, a piaci intézmények megszilárdulásával, az új technológiák megjelenésével az iskolázottság általános felértékelődése megállt. Csak a fiatal és képzett munkaerő bére és relatív termelékenysége növekedett - eleinte a modern technológiával dolgozó külföldi vállalatokban, majd a belföldi tulajdonú cégekben is -, a régebben megszerzett iskolázottság és a tapasztalat termelékenységi és bérhozama 1992 után már nem nőtt. A tudás felértékelődése a technológiai megújulás időszakában a fiatalabb korosztályokra korlátozódott.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): XLVIII (2001)
    Issue (Month): 11 ()
    Pages: 897-919

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:426

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    Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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    Web: http://www.kszemle.hu/elofizetes/

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    1. E. Berman & J. Bound & S. Machin, 1997. "Implications of skill-biased technological change: international evidence," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20314, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Franz, Wolfgang & Steiner, Viktor, 1999. "Wages in the East German transition process: facts and explanations," ZEW Discussion Papers 99-40, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Jiri Vecerník, 1995. "Changing earnings distribution in the Czech republic: survey evidence from 1988-1994," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 3(3), pages 355-371, 09.
    4. Jan Rutkowski, 1996. "High skills pay off: the changing wage structure during economic transition in Poland," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 4(1), pages 89-112, 05.
    5. Varga, Júlia, 1995. "Az oktatás megtérülési rátái Magyarországon
      [Cost returns on education in Hungary]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 583-605.
    6. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
    7. Steiner, Viktor & Wagner, Kersten, 1997. "East West German wage convergence - How far have we got?," ZEW Discussion Papers 97-25, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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    Cited by:
    1. Lovász, Anna & Altwicker-Hámori, Szilvia, 2013. "A köz- és a magánszféra kereseti különbségei Magyarországon, 2002-2008. Javíthat-e hosszú távon a közalkalmazottak relatív helyzetén egy 50 százalékos béremelés?
      [An assessment of
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 500-522.
    2. Gizella Sikora Tóthné, 2005. "Changes in Labour Market, Job Creation and Job Destruction from the Change of Regime till Nowadays," Theory Methodology Practice (TMP), Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 3(01), pages 65-70.
    3. Karoly Fazekas & Gabor Kezdi (ed.), 2007. "The Hungarian Labour Market 2007," The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbooks, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, number 2007, January.
    4. Karoly Fazekas & Jeno Koltay (ed.), 2003. "The Hungarian Labour Market 2003," The Hungarian Labour Market Yearbooks, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, number 2003, January.

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