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A theoretical grounding and test of the GEM model

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  • Jonathan Levie

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  • Erkko Autio

    ()

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    Abstract

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11187-008-9136-8
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Small Business Economics.

    Volume (Year): 31 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 3 (October)
    Pages: 235-263

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:31:y:2008:i:3:p:235-263

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100338

    Related research

    Keywords: Entrepreneurial activity; Entrepreneurial Framework Conditions; L26; L53; O43;

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    References

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    9. Lorraine Uhlaner & Roy Thurik, 2004. "Post-Materialism: A Cultural Factor Influencing Total Entrepreneurial Activ-ity Across Nations," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-07, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
    10. B. Clarysse & J. Bruneel, 2006. "Nurturing and Growing Innovative Start-ups: The Role of Policy as Integrator," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 06/424, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
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    14. Davidsson, Per & Henrekson, Magnus, 2002. " Determinants of the Prevalence of Start-Ups and High-Growth Firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 81-104, September.
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    20. Robinson, Peter B. & Sexton, Edwin A., 1994. "The effect of education and experience on self-employment success," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 141-156, March.
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    24. Wildeman, R.E. & Hofstede, G. & Noorderhaven, N.G. & Thurik, A.R., 1998. "Culture's Role in Entrepreneurship; Self-employment out of Dissatisfaction," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-76587, Tilburg University.
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    26. Carter, Nancy M. & Gartner, William B. & Reynolds, Paul D., 1996. "Exploring start-up event sequences," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 151-166, May.
    27. Goldfarb, Brent & Henrekson, Magnus, 2003. "Bottom-up versus top-down policies towards the commercialization of university intellectual property," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 639-658, April.
    28. Ardichvili, Alexander & Cardozo, Richard & Ray, Sourav, 2003. "A theory of entrepreneurial opportunity identification and development," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 105-123, January.
    29. Zoltan Acs & Sameeksha Desai & Leora Klapper, 2008. "What does “entrepreneurship” data really show?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 265-281, October.
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    34. Martin A. Carree & A. Roy Thurik, 2000. "The Life Cycle of the U.S. Tire Industry," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 254-278, July.
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    36. Schumpeter, Joseph A., 1947. "The Creative Response in Economic History," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(02), pages 149-159, November.
    37. Kawai, Hiroki & Urata, Shujiro, 2002. " Entry of Small and Medium Enterprises and Economic Dynamism in Japan," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 18(1-3), pages 41-51, Feb.- May.
    38. Malerba, Franco & Orsenigo, Luigi, 1996. "Schumpeterian patterns of innovation are technology-specific," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 451-478, May.
    39. Klapper, Leora & Laeven, Luc & Rajan, Raghuram, 2006. "Entry regulation as a barrier to entrepreneurship," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 591-629, December.
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    41. Sander Wennekers & André van Wennekers & Roy Thurik & Paul Reynolds, 2005. "Nascent Entrepreneurship and the Level of Economic Development," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 293-309, 04.
    42. Geroski, P. A., 1995. "What do we know about entry?," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 421-440, December.
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