Ausbildung, Erwerbsphase, Renteneintritt - demografischer Wandel und optimale Zeitallokation im Lebenszyklus
AbstractWe study how the education and retirement decision of a representative individual is affected by the demographic trend. Individuals optimally choose the date at which they leave school to work and at which they retire. Applying an OLG-model with a pay-as-you-go social security system we show how individuals otpimally respond to a) a change in the current wage for a unit of human capital, b) a change in the perfectly foreseen future wage for a unit of human capital, c) a decrease in the anticipated future pension benefit, and d) an increase in the future social contribution rate. From the government's point of view it would be desirable to control for an instrument which increases both the accumulation of human capital before starting to work and the retirement age. Our findings suggest that policy-makers should respond to the demographic trend by reducing pension benefits. Compared to the most relevant alternative, i.e. an increase in the contribution rate, individuals would choose a longer working life, working becomes more attractive. This in turn creates an incentive to invest more in education and to accumulate more human capital.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.
Volume (Year): 226 (2006)
Issue (Month): 6 (November)
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More information through EDIRC
Endogenous retirement decision; demographic change; human capital formation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
- H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
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