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Atteggiamento dei consumatori nei confronti dell'evoluzione del sistema agro-alimentare: l'introduzione di alimenti geneticamente modificati

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  • Antonio Seccia
  • Antonio Stasi
  • Luigi Roselli

Abstract

L’atteggiamento dei consumatori nei confronti di alimenti che contengono OGM o sono ottenuti da OGM e gli alimenti che contengono ingredienti ottenuti da OGM (di seguito designati complessivamente con l’espressione "alimenti geneticamente modificati" o “alimenti GM”) rappresenta un tema di grande attualità per il sistema agro-alimentare europeo. Le esigenze dei consumatori, caratterizzate da una crescente importanza assegnata alle caratteristiche sia dei processi produttivi sia degli alimenti finali, impongono un’ampia ed attenta analisi dei possibili effetti sui comportamenti di acquisto che l’introduzione di alimenti GM nel sistema agro-alimentare potrebbe generare. La diffusione della coltivazione di varietà di piante GM, principalmente in Paesi extraeuropei (USA, Canada ed Argentina), e l’immissione sul mercato mondiale di prodotti OGM destinati anche all’alimentazione umana, ha generato accesi dibattiti in Europa pro e contro l’adozione di questa nuova tecnologia, per i possibili effetti negativi per i consumatori e sull’ambiente. L’UE sin dai primi anni 90 ha cercato di definire una normativa sugli OGM capace di garantire la protezione della salute dei cittadini e dell'ambiente e al tempo stesso creare un mercato unificato della biotecnologia. L’obiettivo di questo lavoro è di valutare, alla luce del quadro normativo vigente in materia di alimenti GM, l’atteggiamento dei consumatori nei confronti di alcune caratteristiche del sistema agro-alimentare (di seguito designati come “attributi”) e in particolare dell’introduzione nei mercati finali di alimenti geneticamente modificati. Per valutare l’atteggiamento dei consumatori, in termini quantitativi oltre che qualitativi, si intende misurare la loro disponibilità a pagare (DAP) pro o contro delle variazioni (presenza/assenza o aumento/diminuzione) degli attributi considerati rispetto allo status quo, utilizzando la metodologia del choice modelling. Si tratta, in al

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by FrancoAngeli Editore in its journal ECONOMIA AGRO-ALIMENTARE.

Volume (Year): 10 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:fan:ecaqec:v:html10.3280/ecag2006-001007

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  1. John A. Miranowski & Bruce A. Babcock, 2004. "Genetic Information in Agricultural Productivity and Product Development," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(1), pages 73-87.
  2. Burton, Michael P. & Rigby, Dan & Young, Trevor & James, Sallie, 2002. "Consumer Attitudes to Genetically Modified Organisms in Food in the UK," 2002 Conference (46th), February 13-15, 2002, Canberra 125064, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  3. GianCarlo Moschini, 2001. "Economic Benefits and Costs of Biotechnology Innovations in Agriculture," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 01-wp264, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  4. Train,Kenneth E., 2009. "Discrete Choice Methods with Simulation," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521747387, October.
  5. Alexander E. Saak, 2002. "Identity Preservation and False Labeling in the Food Supply Chain," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 02-wp295, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  6. Chiara M. Travisi & Peter Nijkamp, 2004. "Willingness to Pay for Agricultural Environmental Safety: Evidence from a Survey of Milan, Italy, Residents," Working Papers 2004.100, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  7. Andrei Sobolevsky & GianCarlo Moschini & Harvey E. Lapan, 2002. "Genetically Modified Crop Innovations and Product Differentiation: Trade and Welfare Effects in the Soybean Complex," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 02-wp319, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  8. Gollier, Christian & Jullien, Bruno & Treich, Nicolas, 2000. "Scientific progress and irreversibility: an economic interpretation of the 'Precautionary Principle'," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 229-253, February.
  9. Grimsrud, Kristine M. & McCluskey, Jill J. & Loureiro, Maria L. & Wahl, Thomas I., 2002. "Consumer Attitudes Towards Genetically Modified Foods In Norway," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19818, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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