Scientific progress and irreversibility: an economic interpretation of the 'Precautionary Principle'
AbstractLes auteurs cherchent Ã justifier le principe de prÃÂ©caution (TraitÃÂ© de Maastricht) qui veut que l'absence de certitudes, compte tenu des connaissances scientifiques du moment, ne retarde pas l'adoption de mesures de prÃÂ©vention des risques. Pour ce faire, ils considÃÂ¨rent le problÃÂ¨me d'un bien dont la consommation peut s'avÃÂ©rer nuisible dans le long terme. L'intensitÃÂ© du dommage est incertaine. Elle dÃÂ©pend de la consommation totale du bien sur les pÃÂ©riodes antÃÂ©rieures. Des progrÃÂ¨s sont faits qui amÃÂ©liorent la connaissance sur la distribution du risque. Ils ÃÂ©tudient sous quelles conditions la prÃÂ©sence d'une incertitude plus grande sur la distribution des dommages potentiels rÃÂ©duit le niveau socialement efficace de consommation du bien. L'analyse a de nombreuses applications, comme le problÃÂ¨me du rÃÂ©chauffement de la terre, la maladie de la vache folle, le drame de l'amiante ou le sang contaminÃÂ©.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Public Economics.
Volume (Year): 75 (2000)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505578
Other versions of this item:
- Gollier & Jullien & Treich, 2000. "Scientific progress and irreversibility : an economic interpretation of the Precautionary principle," Working Papers 156240, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
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