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Human capital, externalities and growth in an overlapping generations model

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  • Gaumont, D.
  • Leonard, D.

Abstract

We consider an overlapping generations model with endogenous labor supplies by young and old and a human capital accumulation process that relies on the interaction of these two types of labor. This interaction is not understood by the market hence we analyze fiscal policies designed to remedy this. We argue that taxes must be acceptable to people alive at the time of planning. This makes many proposed taxes unfeasible. Two distinct paths to growth emerge; one through increased savings and another through increased workforce participation. The long run rate of growth depends entirely on human capital but we find this to be of little relevance. Some simulation results are presented for two stylized economic blocks calibrated on the USA and the EURO-zone.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research in Economics.

Volume (Year): 64 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 186-200

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Handle: RePEc:eee:reecon:v:64:y:2010:i:3:p:186-200

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622941

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Keywords: Overlapping generations model Endogenous labor supply Learning-by-doing Human capital;

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References

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  1. Samuel Bentolila & Gilles Saint Paul, 1999. "Explaining movements in the labor share," Economics Working Papers 374, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  2. Kazi Iqbal & Stephen Turnovsky, 2007. "Intergenerational Allocation of Government Expenditures: Externalities and Optimal Taxation," Working Papers UWEC-2007-21-P, University of Washington, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2007.
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  8. Benhabib, Jess & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1991. "Externalities and Growth Accounting," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(1), pages 82-113, March.
  9. Meir Kohn & Nancy Marion, 1992. "The Implications of Knowledge-Based Growth for the Optimality of Open Capital Markets," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 25(4), pages 865-83, November.
  10. Park, No-Ho, 1991. "Steady-state solutions of optimal tax mixes in an overlapping-generations model," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 227-246, November.
  11. Phelps, Edmund S & Riley, J G, 1978. "Rawlsian Growth: Dynamic Programming of Capital and Wealth for Intergeneration "Maximin" Justice," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(1), pages 103-20, February.
  12. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467.
  13. Hu, Sheng Cheng, 1979. "Social Security, the Supply of Labor, and Capital Accumulation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(3), pages 274-83, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Luca Gori & Mauro Sodini, 2011. "Nonlinear Dynamics in an OLG Growth Model with Young and Old Age Labour Supply: The Role of Public Health Expenditure," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 38(3), pages 261-275, October.

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