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The Implications of Knowledge-Based Growth for the Optimality of Open Capital Markets

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  • Meir Kohn
  • Nancy Marion

Abstract

This paper reexamines the view that opening capital markets must have long-run benefits. The analysis shows that the desirability of opening a country's capital markets depends on the nature of the technology assumed. Models of knowledge-based growth predict that changes that alter the economy's level of production will also affect the economy's growth rate and hence the welfare of future generations. Standard neoclassical growth models imply no such effects on growth or welfare. If production does involve an important element of learning by doing, inference from the standard models may be seriously misleading. In particular, opening capital markets does not necessarily improve welfare for the nation or for the world as a whole.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 25 (1992)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 865-83

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Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:25:y:1992:i:4:p:865-83

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  1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
  2. Rudiger Dornbusch, 1981. "Intergenerational and International Trade," NBER Working Papers 0792, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Joel Fried, 1980. "The Intergenerational Distribution of the Gains from Technical Change and from International Trade," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 13(1), pages 65-81, February.
  4. Kareken, John & Wallace, Neil, 1977. "Portfolio autarky: A welfare analysis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 19-43, February.
  5. Krugman, Paul R, 1987. "Is Free Trade Passe?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 1(2), pages 131-44, Fall.
  6. Starrett, David A, 1972. "On Golden Rules, the "Biological Theory of Interest," and Competitive Inefficiency," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 276-91, March-Apr.
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Cited by:
  1. Aizenman, Joshua & Marion, Nancy P, 1993. "Policy Uncertainty, Persistence and Growth," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(2), pages 145-63, June.
  2. Joshua Aizenman & Yothin Jinjarak & Donghyun Park, 2011. "Capital Flows and Economic Growth in the Era of Financial Integration and Crisis, 1990-2010," NBER Working Papers 17502, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Joshua Aizenman, 2005. "Financial Liberalization in Latin-America in the 1990s: A Reassessment," NBER Working Papers 11145, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Gaumont, D. & Leonard, D., 2010. "Human capital, externalities and growth in an overlapping generations model," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(3), pages 186-200, September.
  5. Aizenman, Joshua, 2003. "Reforming the global financial system," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt0cg1r6q8, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
  6. Joshua Aizenman, 2002. "Financial Opening: Evidence and Policy Options," NBER Working Papers 8900, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Poganietz, Witold-Roger, 1997. "Vermindern Transferzahlungen den Konflikt zwischen Gewinnern und Verlierern in einer sich transformierenden Volkswirtschaft?," IAMO Discussion Papers 7, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO).

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