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The optimal neglect of inflation: An alternative interpretation of UK monetary policy during the "Great Moderation"

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  • Boinet, Virginie
  • Martin, Christopher

Abstract

This paper argues that UK monetary policymakers did not respond to the inflation rate during most of the "Great Moderation" that ran from the early 1990s to the mid-2000s. We derive a generalisation of the New Keynesian Phillips curve in which inflation is a non-linear function of the output gap and show that the optimal response of the policy rule to inflation depends on the slope of the Phillips curve; if this is flat, manipulation of aggregate demand through monetary policy does not affect inflation and so policymakers cannot affect inflation. We estimate the monetary policy rules implied by a variety of alternative Phillips curves; our preferred model is based on a Phillips curve that is flat when output is close to equilibrium. We find that policy rates do not respond to inflation when the output gap is small, a situation that characterised most of the "Great Moderation" period.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Macroeconomics.

Volume (Year): 32 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 982-992

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jmacro:v:32:y:2010:i:4:p:982-992

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622617

Related research

Keywords: Monetary policy Phillips curve Non-linearity;

References

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  17. Alexander Mihailov, 2007. "Does Instrument Independence Matter under the Constrained Discretionof an Inflation Targeting Goal? Lessons from UK Taylor Rule Empirics," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2006 95, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
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