Does HIV increase the risk of spousal violence in sub-Saharan Africa?
AbstractAlthough a positive association is found between HIV prevalence and intimate partner violence, a causal interpretation is hard to establish due to the endogeneity of HIV prevalence. Using the distance from the origin of the virus as an instrument, I find that an exogenous increase in HIV prevalence in a cluster has a sizable positive effect on the risk of physical and sexual violence against women within marriage. The results of this study confirm a gender-specific negative externality of the disease and encourage policy efforts to incorporate services for violence against women into existing HIV programs.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Health Economics.
Volume (Year): 32 (2013)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505560
HIV; Intimate partner violence; Distance from the origin of HIV; Gender-mainstreaming; Sub-Saharan Africa;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
- J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
- J17 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Value of Life; Foregone Income
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