Was there policy "reform"? Evolution of EU domestic support for processed fruits and vegetables
AbstractPolicy "reform" in agricultural markets is often associated with less government regulation and expenditures, or a shift towards more efficient interventions. The European Union (EU) adopted major policy changes for processed fruits and vegetables in 2001 and again in 2008, and we employ a simulation model to examine the effects of the three policy regimes in place before and after each of the changes. Our analysis incorporates the heterogeneity of processing firms in the EU and considers how they responded to the different policy regimes. Simulation results indicate that the EU subsidies increased EU tomato production by 3.8% for the regime that began in 2008 and 9.1% for the regime that began in 2001 compared to no subsidies. The policy regime that was in place from 2001 through 2007 led to the greatest distortions in global processing tomato markets, in part because it directed more of the benefits to EU growers and less to EU processors and consumers. Thus changes in 2001 "reformed" policy by redistributing gains within the EU, while changes in 2008 "reformed" policy by reducing distortions in global markets.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Food Policy.
Volume (Year): 36 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/foodpol
Agricultural policy reform Common Agricultural Policy Domestic support Inframarginal subsidies Processing fruit and vegetable markets Tomatoes;
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