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Aggregate scale economies, market integration, and optimal welfare state policy

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  • Molana, Hassan
  • Montagna, Catia

Abstract

Using a two-sector-two-country model with aggregate scale economies and unionisation, we show that optimal welfare state policy entails positive levels of unemployment benefits under free-trade and capital mobility. In this setting, economic integration does not reduce the revenue raising capacity of governments and thus does not lead to a race-to-the- bottom in social standards. Instead, trade and capital flows interact with welfare state policies in increasing welfare even when each government acts independently (non-cooperatively) in determining its optimal welfare payment. Cooperation is shown to improve upon noncooperative outcomes by raising both the generosity of the welfare state and aggregate welfare.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Economics.

Volume (Year): 69 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages: 321-340

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Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:69:y:2006:i:2:p:321-340

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505552

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Torben M. Andersen & Allan Sørensen, 2012. "Globalization, Tax Distortions, and Public-Sector Retrenchment," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 114(2), pages 409-439, 06.
  2. Yu-Fu Chen & Holger Görg & Dennis Görlich & Hassan Molana & Catia Montagna & Yama Temouri, 2014. "Globalisation and the future of the welfare state," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 54, WWWforEurope.
  3. Görg, Holger & Molana, Hassan & Montagna, Catia, 2009. "Foreign direct investment, tax competition and social expenditure," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 31-37, January.
  4. Hassan Molana & Catia Montagna, 2003. "Welfare State, Market Imperfections and International Trade," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics 146, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
  5. Molana, Hassan & Montagna, Catia, 2007. "Expansionary effects of the welfare state in a small open economy," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 231-246, December.
  6. Torben Andersen & Allan Sørensen, 2011. "Globalisation squeezes the public sector—is it so obvious?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 18(4), pages 369-382, August.

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