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Explaining international R&D alliances and the role of governments

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  • Narula, R.
  • Dunning, J. H.

Abstract

Globalisation, alliance capitalism and R&D-intensive value adding activities are hallmarks of economic activity in advanced industrial countries. National governments have responded to these changes by pursuing policies promoting "techno-nationalism" which includes fostering R&D investment by national champions. First, we wish to inquire, from the firm's perspective, why they have an increasing propensity to undertake R&D alliances, with particular focus on international alliances. Second, we try and understand the role of governments in promoting and engaging in the generation and diffusion of intellectual capital in general, and in facilitating inter-firm technological alliances in particular. Third, we wish to evaluate the efficacy of techno-nationalism, in light of the welfare and social responsibilities of governments, particularly in an age of globalisation. We suggest that the role of government is best restricted to L-advantage augmentation, basic research investment and improving international coordination of technology markets.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Business Review.

Volume (Year): 7 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 (August)
Pages: 377-397

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Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:7:y:1998:i:4:p:377-397

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Keywords: R&D Innovation FDI Strategic alliances Welfare Cooperation Globalisation;

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References

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  1. Richard C. Levin & Alvin K. Klevorick & Richard R. Nelson & Sidney G. Winter, 1987. "Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(3), pages 783-832.
  2. Aldo Geuna, 1996. "The participation of higher education institutions in European Union Framework Programmes," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(5), pages 287-296, October.
  3. Farrell, Joseph, 1987. "Information and the Coase Theorem," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt1sc2r800, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  4. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Vonortas, Nicholas S., 1994. "Inter-firm cooperation with imperfectly appropriable research," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 413-435, September.
  6. Keith W. Glaister, 1996. "Strategic Motives For International Alliance Formation," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 301-332, 05.
  7. Stephen B Tallman & Oded Shenkar, 1994. "A Managerial Decision Model of International Cooperative Venture Formation," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 25(1), pages 91-113, March.
  8. Teece, David J, 1977. "Technology Transfer by Multinational Firms: The Resource Cost of Transferring Technological Know-how," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 87(346), pages 242-61, June.
  9. Hagedoorn,John & Sadowski,Bert, 1996. "Exploring the potential transition from strategic technology partnering to mergers and acquisitions," Research Memorandum 006, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  10. T. K. Das, 1996. "Risk Types And Inter-Firm Alliance Structures," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(6), pages 827-843, November.
  11. Bittlingmayer, George, 1988. "Property Rights, Progress, and the Aircraft Patent Agreement," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(1), pages 227-48, April.
  12. John H Dunning, 1995. "Reappraising the Eclectic Paradigm in an Age of Alliance Capitalism," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 26(3), pages 461-491, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Edwards-Schachter, Mónica & Anlló, Guillermo & Castro-Martínez, Elena & Sánchez-Barrioluengo, Mabel & Fernández De Lucio, Ignacio, 2012. "Motives for inter-firm cooperation on R&D and innovation: empirical evidence from Argentine and Spain," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201204, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 04 Jun 2012.
  2. Narula,Rajneesh & Hogenbirk,Annelies, 1998. "Dutch Manufacturing MNEs in the United States, 1950-1995," Research Memorandum 004, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  3. John Cantwell & Rajneesh Narula, 2001. "The Eclectic Paradigm in the Global Economy," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 155-172.

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