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Assessment of access to electricity and the socio-economic impacts in rural areas of developing countries

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  • Kanagawa, Makoto
  • Nakata, Toshihiko
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    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to reveal relations between access to electricity and advancement in a socio-economic condition in rural areas of developing countries. Recently, multi-dimensional aspects of poverty, for example, economy, education, and health, has been increasingly focused on, and access to modern energy such as electricity is one possible solution. As a case study, we have analyzed unelectrified rural areas in Assam state, India. We have developed an energy-economic model in order to analyze the possibility of electrification through dissemination of electric lighting appliances as well as applied multiple regression analysis to estimate the socio-economic condition, a literacy rate above 6 years old, in the areas. As a result of the case study, the household electrification rate, the 1000Â km2 road density, and sex ratio have been chosen as the explanatory variables of the literacy rate. Moreover, the model analysis shows that complete household electrification will be achieved by the year 2012. In combination with the multiple regression and model analysis, the literacy rate in Assam may increase to 74.4% from 63.3%.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 6 (June)
    Pages: 2016-2029

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:36:y:2008:i:6:p:2016-2029

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    Cited by:
    1. Laia Ferrer-Martí & Rafael Pastor & G. Capó & Enrique Velo, 2011. "Optimizing microwind rural electrification projects. A case study in Peru," Journal of Global Optimization, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 127-143, May.
    2. Hill, Rebecca Lee & Curtin, Kevin M., 2011. "Solar powered light emitting diode distribution in developing countries: An assessment of potential distribution sites in rural Cambodia using network analyses," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 48-57, March.
    3. Silva, Diego & Nakata, Toshihiko, 2009. "Multi-objective assessment of rural electrification in remote areas with poverty considerations," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 3096-3108, August.
    4. Ekholm, Tommi & Krey, Volker & Pachauri, Shonali & Riahi, Keywan, 2010. "Determinants of household energy consumption in India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5696-5707, October.
    5. Nauges, Celine & Strand, Jon, 2013. "Water hauling and girls'school attendance : some new evidence from Ghana," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6443, The World Bank.
    6. Ferrer-Martí, L. & Domenech, B. & García-Villoria, A. & Pastor, R., 2013. "A MILP model to design hybrid wind–photovoltaic isolated rural electrification projects in developing countries," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 226(2), pages 293-300.
    7. Fondja Wandji, Yris D., 2013. "Energy consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Cameroon," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1295-1304.

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