The effects of wage distortions on the transition:: Theory and evidence from China
AbstractBefore the reforms, the Chinese government had strong distributional objectives, which it pursued mainly by direct controls over state enterprise wage rates and hiring decisions. During the reform period, similar controls over state enterprises continued, but use of them had to re ect competition with the new nonstate sector that was mostly free from these controls. Based on these distributional considerations alone, we can explain: 1) a decline in the skills of workers in the state sector as the most able workers leave, 2) higher productivity in the nonstate sector, which consists of the most able workers, 3) accounting losses in the state sector, re ecting the transfer of tax revenue to nance higher wage payments to the unskilled, and 4) restructuring within the state sector, to reduce the distortions to relative wage rates. Many of these attributes are shared with other types of transition process.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal European Economic Review.
Volume (Year): 43 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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Other versions of this item:
- Gordon, R.H. & Li, D.D., 1997. "The Effects of Wage Distortions on the Transition: Theory and Evidence from China," Papers 97-04, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
- H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General
- H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
- H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
- O52 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
- P50 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - General
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