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Composition of greenhouse gas emissions in Spain: An input-output analysis

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  • Butnar, Isabela
  • Llop, Maria

Abstract

Extending the traditional input-output model to account for the environmental impacts of production processes reveals the channels by which environmental burdens are transmitted throughout the economy. In particular, the environmental input-output approach is a useful technique for quantifying the changes in the levels of greenhouse emissions caused by changes in the final demand for production activities. The inputoutput model can also be used to determine the changes in the relative composition of greenhouse gas emissions due to exogenous inflows. In this paper we describe a method for evaluating how the exogenous changes in sectorial demand, such as changes in private consumption, public consumption, investment and exports, affect the relative contribution of the six major greenhouse gases regulated by the Kyoto Protocol to total greenhouse emissions. The empirical application is for Spain, and the economic and environmental data are for the year 2000. Our results show that there are significant differences in the effects of different sectors on the composition of greenhouse emissions. Therefore, the final impact on the relative contribution of pollutants will basically depend on the activity that receives the exogenous shock in final demand, because there are considerable differences in the way, and the extent to which, individual activities affect the relative composition of greenhouse gas emissions. Keywords: Greenhouse emissions, composition of emissions, sectorial demand, exogenous shock.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

Volume (Year): 61 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2-3 (March)
Pages: 388-395

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:61:y:2007:i:2-3:p:388-395

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

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References

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  1. Lenzen, Manfred, 1998. "Primary energy and greenhouse gases embodied in Australian final consumption: an input-output analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 495-506, May.
  2. Manfred Lenzen, 2001. "A Generalized Input-Output Multiplier Calculus for Australia," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 65-92.
  3. Manfred Lenzen & Lise-Lotte Pade & Jesper Munksgaard, 2004. "CO2 Multipliers in Multi-region Input-Output Models," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 391-412.
  4. Gaspar J. Llanes Díaz- Salazar & Manuel Alejandro Cardenete & Carmen Rodríguez Morilla, 2005. "La SAMEA y la eficiencia económica y ambiental en España," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2005/09, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
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Cited by:
  1. Kronenberg, Tobias, 2009. "The impact of demographic change on energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in Germany," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(10), pages 2637-2645, August.
  2. Gallo, Mariano, 2011. "A fuel surcharge policy for reducing road traffic greenhouse gas emissions," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 413-424, March.
  3. Tarancón, Miguel Angel & del Río, Pablo & Callejas Albiñana, Fernando, 2010. "Assessing the influence of manufacturing sectors on electricity demand. A cross-country input-output approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 1900-1908, April.
  4. Kronenberg, Tobias, 2010. "Dematerialisation of consumption: a win-win strategy?," MPRA Paper 25704, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Carmen RAMOS-CARVAJAL & Blanca MORENO-CUARTAS, 2013. "Characterization of Spanish economic sectors from an economic and environmental perspective:Evolution and forecast of greenhouse gas emissions," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 13(2), pages 117-134.
  6. di Cosmo, Valeria & Hyland, Marie, 2013. "Decomposing patterns of emission intensity in the EU and China: how much does trade matter?," Papers WP462, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).

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