Entrance quotas and admission to medical schools: a sequential probit model
AbstractIn this paper, we use a data set on admissions and enrolments for entry into the medical school of the Universite de Montreal to test the hypothesis that the admission process is meritocratic and free from discrimination and arbitrary decisions. The paper analyses the difficulty of choosing among different categories of applicants in the context of entrance quotas pertaining to the level of higher education (college, university) from which one applies to medical school. We use a sequential probit model to show that the performance variables, as measured or observed by the admissions committee through a variety of tests, only partially explain the committee's decisions. The school did not admit all the best in terms of performance, and among the best admitted, almost one out of three did not enrol. We explore some socioeconomic determinants of admissions and enrolments, and suggest an alternative approach to the admissions procedure. Dans ce texte, nous utilisons les donnÃ©es sur les admissions ;a la FacultÃ© de mÃ©decine de l'UniversitÃ© de MontrÃ©al pour tester l'hypothÃ¨se que les procÃ©dures d'admission sont basÃ©es sur le mÃ©rite et exemptes de dÃ©cisions discriminatoires ou arbitraires. Cette Ã©tude analyse les difficultÃ©s Ã choisir parmi diffÃ©rentes catÃ©gories de candidats dans le contexte oÃ¹ des quotas Ã l'entrÃ©e, selon la catÃ©gorie d'Ã©tudiants (collÃ©gial, universitaire et autres), s'appliquent Ã la FacultÃ© de mÃ©decine. Nous utilisons un modÃ¨le probit sÃ©quentiel pour montrer que les variables de performance acadÃ©mique individuelle, telles qu'observÃ©es et mesurÃ©es par le ComitÃ© d'admission via une batterie de tests, expliquent partiellement les dÃ©cisions du ComitÃ©. Par ailleurs, il demeure que la FacultÃ© de mÃ©decine n'admet pas nÃ©cessairement les plus performants. Et parmi les meilleurs admis, un Ã©tudiant sur trois dÃ©cide de ne pas accepter l'offre de l'UniversitÃ©. Nous proposons une approche alternative Ã la procÃ©dure d'admission
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Economics of Education Review.
Volume (Year): 15 (1996)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/econedurev
Other versions of this item:
- Cannings, K. & Montmarquette, C. & Mahseredjian, S., 1994. "Entrance Quotas abs Admission to Medical Schools: A Sequential Probit Model," Cahiers de recherche 9418, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- Cannings, K. & Montmarquette, C. & Mahseredjian, S., 1994. "Entrance Quotas abs Admission to Medical Schools: a Sequential Probit Model," Cahiers de recherche 9418, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
- Kathy Cannings & Sophie Mahseredjian & Claude Montmarquette, 1994. "Entrance Quotas and Admission to Medical Schools: A Sequential Probit Model," CIRANO Working Papers 94s-10, CIRANO.
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Takeshi Amemiya, 1975. "Qualitative Response Models," NBER Chapters, in: Annals of Economic and Social Measurement, Volume 4, number 3, pages 363-372 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Kollmann, R., 1993. "Fiscal Policy, Technology Shcks and the US Trade Balance Deficit," Cahiers de recherche 9313, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- Borjas, George J, 1995.
"Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human-Capital Externalities,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 365-90, June.
- George J. Borjas, 1994. "Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human Capital Externalities," NBER Working Papers 4912, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Dudley, L. & Montmarquette, C., 1993. "Government Size and Economic Convergence," Cahiers de recherche 9316, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- Chiplin, Brian, 1981. "An Alternative Approach to the Measurement of Sex Discrimination: An Illustration from University Entrance," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 91(364), pages 988-97, December.
- Brown, M C, 1989. "Empirical Determinants of Physician Incomes--Evidence from Canadian Data," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 273-89.
- Kollmann, R., 1993. "Fertility, Consumption and Bequests in a Model with Non- Dynastic Perental Altruism," Cahiers de recherche 9337, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- Bernard F. Lentz & David N. Laband, 1989. "Why So Many Children of Doctors Become Doctors: Nepotism vs. Human Capital Transfers," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(3), pages 396-413.
- Mercenier, J., 1993. "Nonuniqueness of Solutions in Applied General-Equilibrium Models with Scale Economies and Imperfect Competition: A Theoretical Curiosum?," Cahiers de recherche 9301, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- Weiler, William C., 1986. "A sequential logit model of the access effects of higher education institutions," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 49-55, February.
- Yves Sprumont, 1998.
"On the Game-Theoretic Structure of Public-Good Economies,"
International Journal of Game Theory,
Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 455-472.
- Sprumont, Y., 1995. "On the Game-Theoretic Structure of Public-Good Economies," Cahiers de recherche 9519, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
- Sprumont, Y., 1995. "On the Game-Theoretic Structure of Public-Good Economies," Cahiers de recherche 9519, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- Patrick Waelbroeck, 2005. "Computational Issues in the Sequential Probit Model: A Monte Carlo Study," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 26(2), pages 141-161, October.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.