Entrance quotas and admission to medical schools: a sequential probit model
AbstractIn this paper, we use a data set on admissions and enrolments for entry into the medical school of the Universite de Montreal to test the hypothesis that the admission process is meritocratic and free from discrimination and arbitrary decisions. The paper analyses the difficulty of choosing among different categories of applicants in the context of entrance quotas pertaining to the level of higher education (college, university) from which one applies to medical school. We use a sequential probit model to show that the performance variables, as measured or observed by the admissions committee through a variety of tests, only partially explain the committee's decisions. The school did not admit all the best in terms of performance, and among the best admitted, almost one out of three did not enrol. We explore some socioeconomic determinants of admissions and enrolments, and suggest an alternative approach to the admissions procedure. Dans ce texte, nous utilisons les donnÃ©es sur les admissions ;a la FacultÃ© de mÃ©decine de l'UniversitÃ© de MontrÃ©al pour tester l'hypothÃ¨se que les procÃ©dures d'admission sont basÃ©es sur le mÃ©rite et exemptes de dÃ©cisions discriminatoires ou arbitraires. Cette Ã©tude analyse les difficultÃ©s Ã choisir parmi diffÃ©rentes catÃ©gories de candidats dans le contexte oÃ¹ des quotas Ã l'entrÃ©e, selon la catÃ©gorie d'Ã©tudiants (collÃ©gial, universitaire et autres), s'appliquent Ã la FacultÃ© de mÃ©decine. Nous utilisons un modÃ¨le probit sÃ©quentiel pour montrer que les variables de performance acadÃ©mique individuelle, telles qu'observÃ©es et mesurÃ©es par le ComitÃ© d'admission via une batterie de tests, expliquent partiellement les dÃ©cisions du ComitÃ©. Par ailleurs, il demeure que la FacultÃ© de mÃ©decine n'admet pas nÃ©cessairement les plus performants. Et parmi les meilleurs admis, un Ã©tudiant sur trois dÃ©cide de ne pas accepter l'offre de l'UniversitÃ©. Nous proposons une approche alternative Ã la procÃ©dure d'admission
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Economics of Education Review.
Volume (Year): 15 (1996)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/econedurev
Other versions of this item:
- Kathy Cannings & Sophie Mahseredjian & Claude Montmarquette, 1994. "Entrance Quotas and Admission to Medical Schools: A Sequential Probit Model," CIRANO Working Papers 94s-10, CIRANO.
- Cannings, K. & Montmarquette, C. & Mahseredjian, S., 1994. "Entrance Quotas abs Admission to Medical Schools: a Sequential Probit Model," Cahiers de recherche 9418, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
- Cannings, K. & Montmarquette, C. & Mahseredjian, S., 1994. "Entrance Quotas abs Admission to Medical Schools: A Sequential Probit Model," Cahiers de recherche 9418, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
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