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Présence syndicale et performance financière des entreprises:une analyse statistique sur le cas français


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  • Patrice Laroche

    (Université de Nancy 2)


(VF)Cet article expose les principaux résultats d’une étude consacrée au lien entre la présence syndicale et la performance économique et financière des entreprises en France. À partir d’un échantillon de 2 831 établissements français du secteur privé, issu de l’enquête REPONSE 1998 (Relations Professionnelles et Négociations d’Entreprise), une investigation de nature quantitative a été menée. Les résultats des analyses statistiques montrent que la présence syndicale n’affecte pas la performance financière, quel que soit le type d’implantation syndicale, contestant ainsi les conclusions des études anglo-saxonnes. Ce constat peut s’expliquer par les caractéristiques du contexte des relations professionnelles en France. (VA) Using data from a nationally representative survey (1998 REPONSE survey), we examine the relationship between the presence of trade unions and corporate financial performance in the French context. The findings suggest that trade union presence has no impact on financial performance. Furthermore, no significant union rent was evident even when the workplace faced few or no competitors in their main product market. The earlier US and UK literature found unions had a negative impact on financial performance. Our results are different and most likely reflect the specificity of French industrial relations.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by in its journal Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie.

Volume (Year): 7 (2004)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 117-145

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Handle: RePEc:dij:revfcs:v:7:y:2004:i:q3:p:117-145

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Keywords: syndicat; relations sociales; performance financière; trade unions; industrial relations; financial performance.;

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  1. Anne Hawke & Mark Wooden, 1997. "The 1995 Australian Workplace Industrial Relations Survey," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 30(3), pages 323-328.
  2. Voos, Paula B & Mishel, Lawrence R, 1986. "The Union Impact on Profits in the Supermarket Industry," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(3), pages 513-17, August.
  3. Ruback, Richard S & Zimmerman, Martin B, 1984. "Unionization and Profitability: Evidence from the Capital Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(6), pages 1134-57, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Breda, 2010. "Firms' rents, workers' bargaining power and the union wage premium in France," PSE Working Papers halshs-00564903, HAL.
  2. Patrice Laroche & Hristos Doucouliagos, 2009. "Unions and Profits: A meta-regression Analysis," Post-Print hal-00648569, HAL.
  3. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00564903 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Chris Doucouliagos & Patrice Laroche, 2007. "Unions and Profitability: A Meta-Analysis," Economics Series 2007_01, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.


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