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Determinantes de los ingresos laborales de los graduados universitarios en Colombia: un análisis a partir de la Herramienta de Seguimiento a Graduados

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  • Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez

    ()

  • Manuel Ramírez Gómez

    ()

Abstract

Teniendo como referentes la teoría del capital humano y la dese~nalización, el documento analiza la influencia de variables socioeconómicas,laborales y de las características de las Instituciones de Educación Superior(IES), sobre el ingreso laboral de los graduados universitarios en Colombia,utilizando la Herramienta de Seguimiento a Graduados (2005). Se encuentraque vivir en Bogotá, ser hombre, tener padres m´as educados o haber obtenidoel t´ıtulo en IES privadas o acreditadas, se relaciona positivamente con laprobabilidad de devengar mayores ingresos laborales. El ´area de conocimiento,la posición ocupacional y el tipo de vinculación laboral también explican losingresos de la población estudiada.*****************Combining Human Capital and Signaling theories and a previouslyunavailable data source, this paper seeks to explain recent graduates´ laborincome in Colombia. Data from a National Education Ministry survey is usedgiven its comparative advantages on providing specific information such asfield of study and features of the education institution. The main result isthat some specific features as male gender, residence in Bogot´a, having parentswith higher levels of education, or a degree obtained from a private institution,enhance the probability of obtaining a higher labor income. Some regularitiesas field of study and occupational position also explain higher wage levels.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:005094

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Keywords: diplomas; teoría del capital humano; diferencias salariales; educación superior;

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References

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  1. Psacharopoulos, George, 1994. "Returns to investment in education: A global update," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(9), pages 1325-1343, September.
  2. Jhon James Mora, 2003. "Sheepskin effects and screening in Colombia," Colombian Economic Journal, Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Economicas, Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Senora del Rosario, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Universidad de Antioquia, Universidad de los Andes, Universidad del Valle, Un, vol. 1(1), pages 95-108, December.
  3. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
  4. Stewart, Mark B, 1983. "On Least Squares Estimation When the Dependent Variable Is Grouped," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(4), pages 737-53, October.
  5. Chevalier, Arnaud & Harmon, Colm & Walker, Ian & Zhu, Yu, 2003. "Does Education Raise Productivity or Just Reflect It?," CEPR Discussion Papers 3993, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  7. Carlos Felipe Prada, 2006. "¿Es rentable la decisión de estudiar en Colombia?," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  8. Willis, Robert J & Rosen, Sherwin, 1979. "Education and Self-Selection," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages S7-36, October.
  9. George Psacharopoulos, 1985. "Returns to Education: A Further International Update and Implications," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 20(4), pages 583-604.
  10. Dinand Webbink, 2004. "Returns to university education; evidence from an institutional reform," CPB Discussion Paper 34, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  11. Jacob Mincer, 1958. "Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 281.
  12. Arrow, Kenneth J., 1973. "Higher education as a filter," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 193-216, July.
  13. Yoram Ben-Porath, 1967. "The Production of Human Capital and the Life Cycle of Earnings," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 352.
  14. James Heckman & Pedro Carneiro, 2003. "Human Capital Policy," NBER Working Papers 9495, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Finnie, Ross & Frenette, Marc, 2003. "Earning differences by major field of study: evidence from three cohorts of recent Canadian graduates," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 179-192, April.
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