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Teorías y algunas experiencias internacionales en el financiamiento de la educación superior: lecciones para Colombia


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  • David Bardey


  • Nohora Forero Ramírez



Se analizan diferentes alternativas para la financiación de la educación superior,teniendo en cuenta que la presencia de fallas de mercado -tanto por el lado de lademanda como por el de la oferta- hace de éste un sector muy particular. Las primerasse relacionan con las decisiones privadas en términos de educación de la poblaciónestudiantil, y las segundas con las asimetrías de información que caracterizan el lado dela oferta en el financiamiento de la educación. El documento hace una revisión deliteratura académica y de algunas experiencias internacionales sobre las diferentesfuentes de financiación en este sector, así como sus potenciales efectos sobre ciertasvariables. Así, esta revisión arroja luces sobre las alternativas para el caso Colombiano.********************************************************************************************************This document analyzes different options in higher education funding, through the studyof the market failures -by the demand and the supply side- that make this sector aparticular one. We study some financing sources such as public funding, upfront charges,bank loans, income contingent loans, graduate taxes, among others. Besides, we reviewsome international experiences in higher education funding that could shed some light onthe Colombian case, taking into account the potential effects of different financingsources on efficiency, equity and variables such as consumption.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO with number 004692.

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Length: 41
Date of creation: 29 May 2008
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Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004692

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Keywords: Fallas de mercado; Selección adversa; Riesgo moral; Fuentes de financiación; Educación Superior;

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  1. James Heckman & Pedro Carneiro, 2003. "Human Capital Policy," NBER Working Papers 9495, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Jhon James Mora, 2003. "Sheepskin effects and screening in Colombia," COLOMBIAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, UN - RCE - CID.
  3. Psacharopoulos, George, 1994. "Returns to investment in education: A global update," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(9), pages 1325-1343, September.
  4. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
  5. Mikael Lindahl & Alan B. Krueger, 2001. "Education for Growth: Why and for Whom?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(4), pages 1101-1136, December.
  6. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
  7. Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," CID Working Papers, Center for International Development at Harvard University 42, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
  8. Borensztein, E. & De Gregorio, J. & Lee, J-W., 1998. "How does foreign direct investment affect economic growth?1," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 115-135, June.
  9. Gradstein, Mark & Justman, Moshe, 2001. "Education, Social Cohesion and Economic Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2773, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Rochat, Denis & Demeulemeester, Jean-Luc, 2001. "Rational choice under unequal constraints: the example of Belgian higher education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 15-26, February.
  11. Maximiliano González, 2000. "Financiamiento de la educación superior: una introducción," ESTUDIOS GERENCIALES, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI.
  12. Nicholas Barr, 2003. "Financing higher education: lessons from the UK debate," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 287, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  13. Akerlof, George A, 1970. "The Market for 'Lemons': Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 84(3), pages 488-500, August.
  14. Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863 Elsevier.
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