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International Risk Sharing and Low Cross-Country Consumption Correlations: Are They Really Inconsistent?

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  • Pakko, Michael R

Abstract

In dynamic-equilibrium trade models, the common assumption that asset markets are complete implies that correlations of consumption. across countries should be quite high. In contrast, measured consumption correlations tend to be rather low. While some suggest this implies that asset market incompleteness is a fundamental feature determining international trade dynamics, this paper provides an example of a simple model economy in which complete markets can be associated with consumption correlations that are lower than output correlations. Conditions for substitution elasticities associated with this result are derived for a two-country, two-good endowment model with heterogeneous agents. Copyright 1997 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Review of International Economics.

Volume (Year): 5 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 386-400

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Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:5:y:1997:i:3:p:386-400

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  1. David K. Backus & Patrick Kehoe & Finn Kydland, 1992. "Dynamics of the Trade Balance and the Terms of Trade: The J-Curve Revisited," Working Papers 92-6, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  2. Michael R. Pakko, 1998. "Characterizing Cross-Country Consumption Correlations," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(1), pages 169-174, February.
  3. Marianne Baxter & Mario J. Crucini, 1992. "Business cycles and the asset structure of foreign trade," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 59, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  4. Stockman, Alan C & Tesar, Linda L, 1995. "Tastes and Technology in a Two-Country Model of the Business Cycle: Explaining International Comovements," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(1), pages 168-85, March.
  5. Feeney, JoAnne & Jones, Ronald W, 1994. "Risk Aversion and International Markets: Does Asset Trade Smooth Real Income?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(1), pages 13-26, February.
  6. Stockman, Alan C. & Dellas, Harris, 1989. "International portfolio nondiversification and exchange rate variability," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3-4), pages 271-289, May.
  7. Hall, Robert E, 1988. "Intertemporal Substitution in Consumption," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(2), pages 339-57, April.
  8. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1982. "Interest rates and currency prices in a two-country world," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 335-359.
  9. John Y. Campbell & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1989. "Consumption, Income, and Interest Rates: Reinterpreting the Time Series Evidence," NBER Working Papers 2924, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Backus, David K & Kehoe, Patrick J & Kydland, Finn E, 1994. "Dynamics of the Trade Balance and the Terms of Trade: The J-Curve?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 84-103, March.
  11. repec:fth:harver:1435 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Hagiwara, May, 1994. "Volatility in the terms of trade with non-identical preferences," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 319-341, June.
  13. Devereux, Michael B. & Gregory, Allan W. & Smith, Gregor W., 1992. "Realistic cross-country consumption correlations in a two-country, equilibrium, business cycle model," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 3-16, February.
  14. Jones, Ronald W., 1972. "Activity analysis and real incomes: Analogies with production models," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 277-302, August.
  15. Epstein, Larry G & Zin, Stanley E, 1991. "Substitution, Risk Aversion, and the Temporal Behavior of Consumption and Asset Returns: An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(2), pages 263-86, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Jonathan Heathcote & Fabrizio Perri, 2013. "Assessing International Efficiency," NBER Working Papers 18956, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Pierfederico Asdrubali & Soyoung Kim, 2007. "On The Empirics Of International Smoothing," Discussion Paper Series 0724, Institute of Economic Research, Korea University.
  3. Oviedo, P. Marcelo & Singh, Rajesh, 2013. "Investment composition and international business cycles," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(1), pages 79-95.
  4. Heathcote, Jonathan & Perri, Fabrizio, 1999. "Financial Autarky and International Business Cycles," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 320, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 30 Apr 2000.
  5. Oviedo, P. Marcelo & Singh, Rajesh, 2008. "International Business Cycles with Mutliple Input Investment Technologies," Staff General Research Papers 32800, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  6. Jonathan Heathcote & Fabrizio Perri, 2003. "Why Has the U.S. Economy Become Less Correlated with the Rest of the World?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 63-69, May.
  7. Kim, H. Youn, 2014. "International financial integration and risk sharing among countries: A production-based approach," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 16-35.
  8. W.Jos Jansen & Ad C.J.Stokman, 2003. "The Importance of Multinational Companies for Global Economic Linkages," DNB Staff Reports (discontinued) 99, Netherlands Central Bank.
  9. Yi Wen, 2005. "By force of demand: explaining international comovements and the saving-investment correlation puzzle," Working Papers 2005-043, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  10. Wen, Yi, 2007. "By force of demand: Explaining international comovements," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 1-23, January.

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