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Regulierungswettbewerb und Innovation in der chemischen Industrie

Listed author(s):
  • Fleischer, Manfred
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    Europa, Japan und die USA verwirklichen den Schutz von Mensch und Umwelt vor möglichen schädlichen Wirkungen von Chemikalien mit sehr unterschiedlichen Regulierungsstrategien. Da die Regulierungssysteme auch Produktivität und Innovationsbereitschaft der Unternehmen beeinflussen, wird in diesem Beitrag untersucht, ob nationale Gesetzgeber mit dem Chemikalienrecht in einem Regulierungswettbewerb um mobile Produktionsfaktoren wie Kapital konkurrieren. Es wird überprüft, ob der Prozeß der Globalisierung zu einer kreativen Suche nach effizienterem und effektiverem Chemikalienrecht führt und damit langfristig einen harmonisierungsähnlichen Effekt dieses Rechts bewirkt oder ob die Gegenthese gilt, daß der Wettbewerb der Staaten im Globalisierungsprozeß ein „race to the bottom beinhaltet, d.h. eine Abwärtsentwicklung zu niedrigeren Sicherheitsstandards bewirkt. Dabei werden Aussagen zur Struktur und zu den Wirkungen der Neustoff-Regulierung des Chemikalienrechts theoretisch abgeleitet und empirisch überprüft. Die empirische Analyse stützte sich auf einen Vergleich der Rechtsvorschriften und eine eigens für die Analyse aufgebaute Datenbank mit Daten aus den Geschäftsberichten europäischer, japanischer und amerikanischer Chemieunternehmen.

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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/52602/1/333899377.pdf
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    Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, various Research Units with number FS IV 01-09.

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    Date of creation: 2001
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbdiv:fsiv0109
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    1. Gersbach, Hans, 1998. " International Leadership in Productivity at the Aggregate and Industry Level," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 43-62, February.
    2. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters,in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1994. "How Much Europe? Subsidiarity, Centralization and Fiscal Competition," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 41(1), pages 85-107, February.
    4. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2002. "Der neue Systemwettbewerb," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 3(4), pages 391-407, November.
    5. Albach, Horst & Audretsch, David B. & Fleischer, Manfred & Greb, Robert & Höfs, Evelyn & Röller, Lars-Hendrik & Schulz, Ines, 1996. "Innovation in the European chemical industry," Discussion Papers, various Research Units FS IV 96-26, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
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