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Wie erfolgversprechend ist die Reproduktion institutionellen Designs? Individualbeschwerden im Kontext des Inter-Amerikanischen Menschenrechtssystems sowie des juristischen Systems der Andengemeinschaft

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  • Blome, Kerstin
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    Das vorliegende Papier untersucht exemplarisch, ob sich der Erfolg juristischer Systeme reproduzieren lässt. Hierbei wird eine zentrale Annahme der Regimetheorie zugrunde gelegt, wonach das spezifische Design einer Institution für deren effektives Funktionieren eine zentrale Rolle spielt. Das Papier beleuchtet ausführlich die Rechtspraxis des inter-amerikanischen Menschenrechtssystems sowie des juristischen Systems der Andengemeinschaft, deren institutionelles Design sich explizit an erfolgreichen europäischen Vorbildern orientiert: am Menschenrechtssystem des Europarates sowie am Rechtssystem der Europäischen Union. Die lateinamerikanischen Systeme sind jedoch mit gänzlich anderen Kontextbedingungen als ihre europäischen Vorbilder konfrontiert. In vielen Ländern der Region sind Demokratie und Rechtsstaatlichkeit äußerst fragil, massive und systematische Menschenrechtsverletzungen waren und sind vielerorts an der Tagesordnung, regionale Bündnisse kranken an den schwachen, meist auf Rohstoffexporten basierenden Ökonomien ihrer Mitgliedsländer. Wie erfolgversprechend ist die Reproduktion des Designs angesichts dieser Rahmenbedingungen? Zur Beantwortung dieser Frage wird mittels der Indikatoren Beschwerdezahlen, Verfahrensdauer, Verfahrensausgang sowie Umsetzung der Urteile die Rechtspraxis der lateinamerikanischen Systeme in vergleichender Perspektive zu den europäischen Institutionen bewertet.

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    Paper provided by University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State in its series TranState Working Papers with number 144.

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    Date of creation: 2011
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:sfb597:144
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    1. Keohane, Robert O. & Moravcsik, Andrew & Slaughter, Anne-Marie, 2000. "Legalized Dispute Resolution: Interstate and Transnational," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(03), pages 457-488, June.
    2. Mitchell, Ronald B., 1994. "Regime design matters: intentional oil pollution and treaty compliance," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 48(03), pages 425-458, June.
    3. Smith, James McCall, 2000. "The Politics of Dispute Settlement Design: Explaining Legalism in Regional Trade Pacts," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(01), pages 137-180, December.
    4. Moravcsik, Andrew, 2000. "The Origins of Human Rights Regimes: Democratic Delegation in Postwar Europe," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(02), pages 217-252, March.
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