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The macroeconomic effects of banking crises: Evidence from the United Kingdom, 1750-1938

Author

Listed:
  • Kenny, Seán
  • Lennard, Jason
  • Turner, John D.

Abstract

This paper investigates the macroeconomic effects of UK banking crises over the period 1750 to 1938. We construct a new annual banking crisis series using bank failure rate data, which suggests that the incidence of banking crises was every 32 years. Using our new series and a narrative approach to identify exogenous banking crises, we find that industrial production contracts by 8.2 per cent in the year following a crisis. This finding is robust to a battery of checks, including different VAR specifications, different thresholds for the crisis indicator, and the use of a capital-weighted bank failure rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Kenny, Seán & Lennard, Jason & Turner, John D., 2017. "The macroeconomic effects of banking crises: Evidence from the United Kingdom, 1750-1938," QUCEH Working Paper Series 2017-09, Queen's University Belfast, Queen's University Centre for Economic History.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:qucehw:201709
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    Cited by:

    1. Lennard, Jason, 2018. "Uncertainty and the Great Slump," Lund Papers in Economic History 170, Lund University, Department of Economic History, revised 14 May 2019.
    2. Kenny, Seán & Turner, John D., 2018. "Wildcat Bankers or Political Failure? The Irish Financial Pantomime, 1797-1826," Lund Papers in Economic History 176, Lund University, Department of Economic History.
    3. Kenny, Seán & Turner, John D., 2018. "Wildcat bankers or political failure? The Irish financial pantomime, 1797-1826," QUCEH Working Paper Series 2018-07, Queen's University Belfast, Queen's University Centre for Economic History.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    banking crisis; bank failures; narrative approach; macroeconomy; United Kingdom;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N23 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N24 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: 1913-

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