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"Closet dollars" and taxes

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  • Franke, Günter
  • Benninga, Simon

Abstract

Israelis commonly hold substantial foreign currency balances at home. This paper examines the phenomenon of these "closet dollars." We show that closet dollars are attractive only if there exists a positive probability that domestic deposits will pay negative dollar rates of return. If such negative rates of return are associated with changes in the depositor's tax bill, then low-tax consumers are most attracted to closet dollars. In addition we show that potential central bank default and transactions costs will tend to increase the volume of closet dollars.

Suggested Citation

  • Franke, Günter & Benninga, Simon, 1989. ""Closet dollars" and taxes," Discussion Papers, Series II 77, University of Konstanz, Collaborative Research Centre (SFB) 178 "Internationalization of the Economy".
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:kondp2:77
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    1. Eaton, Jonathan, 1987. "Public Debt Guarantees and Private Capital Flight," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 1(3), pages 377-395, May.
    2. Barro, Robert J, 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1095-1117, Nov.-Dec..
    3. J. Tobin, 1958. "Liquidity Preference as Behavior Towards Risk," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(2), pages 65-86.
    4. Rudiger Dornbusch & Daniel Valente Dantas & Clarice Pechman & Roberto de Rezende Rocha & Demetrio SimÅes, 1983. "The Black Market for Dollars in Brazil," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 98(1), pages 25-40.
    5. Jonathan Eaton & Mark Gersovitz & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 1991. "The Pure Theory of Country Risk," NBER Chapters, in: International Volatility and Economic Growth: The First Ten Years of The International Seminar on Macroeconomics, pages 391-435, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Alain Ize & Guillermo Ortiz, 1987. "Fiscal Rigidities, Public Debt, and Capital Flight," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(2), pages 311-332, June.
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