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Internationale Migration - Gehen oder Bleiben : wieso gehen wenige und bleiben die meisten?

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  • Straubhaar, Thomas

Abstract

Was bestimmt das individuelle Wanderungsverhalten? Herkömmliche migrationsökonomische Theorieansätze greifen oft zu kurz und überschätzen deshalb die grenzüberschreitenden Wanderungsbewegungen bei weitem. Dieses Diskussionspapier stellt die bisherige Optik auf den Kopf und sucht nach Faktoren, die erklären können, weshalb die meisten Menschen international immobil bleiben. Bleiben ist in den meisten Fällen eine mikroökonomisch rationale Entscheidung, selbst wenn makroökonomisch gewaltige Differenzen in den durchschnittlichen Verdienst- oder Beschäftigungsmöglichkeiten bestehen. Der von Fischer/Holm/Malmberg/Straubhaar (2000) vorgeschlagene Insider-Ansatz zur Erklärung von Immobilität vermag zu erklären, weshalb als individuelle Entscheidung eine grenz- und kulturraumüberschreitende Wanderung die Ausnahme und nicht die Regel ist. Dieses Ergebnis ist deshalb von großer wirtschaftspolitischer Relevanz, weil es letztlich die Erwartungen in starke Ost-West-Wanderungen nach einer EU-Osterweiterung relativiert und eher geringe als starke Wanderungsströme von Ost- nach Westeuropa erwarten lässt.

Suggested Citation

  • Straubhaar, Thomas, 2000. "Internationale Migration - Gehen oder Bleiben : wieso gehen wenige und bleiben die meisten?," HWWA Discussion Papers 111, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26289
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    1. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2002. "EU Enlargement and the Future of the Welfare State," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 49(1), pages 104-115, February.
    2. Horst Siebert, 1993. "Internationale Wanderungsbewegungen - Erklärungsansätze und Gestaltungsfragen," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 129(III), pages 229-255, September.
    3. Bhagwati, Jagdish N. & Schatz, Klaus-Werner & Wong, Kar-yiu, 1984. "The West German gastarbeiter system of immigration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 277-294, December.
    4. Hans-Werner Sinn, 2000. "EU Enlargement, Migration, and Lessons from German Unification," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 1(3), pages 299-314, August.
    5. Richard E. Baldwin & Philippe Martin, 1999. "Two Waves of Globalisation: Superficial Similarities, Fundamental Differences," NBER Working Papers 6904, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Jennifer Hunt, 2000. "Why Do People Still Live in East Germany?," NBER Working Papers 7564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Stark, Oded & Taylor, J Edward, 1991. "Migration Incentives, Migration Types: The Role of Relative Deprivation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(408), pages 1163-1178, September.
    8. McCall, B P & McCall, J J, 1987. "A Sequential Study of Migration and Job Search," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(4), pages 452-476, October.
    9. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 1995. "Implikationen der vier Grundfreiheiten für eine nationale Fiskalpolitik," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1949 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 75(5), pages 240-249.
    10. Straubhaar, Thomas, 2000. "Why do we need a general agreement on movements of people (GAMP)?," HWWA Discussion Papers 94, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
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    Cited by:

    1. Silvia Simon, 2007. "Determinanten der personellen Ressourcenknappheit. Entwicklungen im Fürstentum Liechtenstein," Beitraege 38, Liechtenstein-Institut.
    2. Annekatrin Niebuhr & Silvia Stiller, 2004. "Integration and Labour Markets in European Border regions," ERSA conference papers ersa04p29, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Silvia Simon, 2007. "Personelle Ressourcenknappheit - Problemaufriss, Ursachen und Ansatzpunkte im Fürstentum Liechtenstein," Arbeitspapiere 11, Liechtenstein-Institut.
    4. Silvia Simon, 2007. "Internationale Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des Fürstentums Liechtenstein - Ability to Sell," Arbeitspapiere 12, Liechtenstein-Institut.
    5. Annekatrin Niebuhr & Silvia Stiller, 2004. "The impact of Poland’s EU accession on labour supply in the German-Polish border region – What can we expect?," ERSA conference papers ersa04p234, European Regional Science Association.

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