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Transaktionskosten und Wettbewerbspolitik

Author

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  • Busse, Matthias

Abstract

Die Unternehmen stehen durch die fortschreitende Globalisierung der Weltwirtschaft in einem zunehmend internationalen Wettbewerb, wovon jedoch nicht alle Branchen im gleichen Ausmaß erfasst werden. Determiniert wird der Globalisierungsgrad einer Branche vor allem durch die Höhe der Transaktionskosten. Niedrige Transaktionskosten führen tendenziell zu globalisierten Märkten, hohe Transaktionskosten zu segmentierten Märkten. Damit kommt den Transaktionskosten eine erhebliche Bedeutung im Falle von wettbewerbspolitischen Entscheidungen bei Unternehmenszusammenschlüssen zu, da sie Auskunft über die Höhe des potentiellen Wettbewerbs geben können. Jedoch sind mit heterogenen Konsumentenpräferenzen und Produktdifferenzierungen zwei weitere Determinanten zu beachten. Zudem sind die Transaktionskosten nur relativ ungenau zu berechnen, weshalb dieser Ansatz nicht allgemein gilt, sondern vielmehr im Einzelfall sinnvoll ist.

Suggested Citation

  • Busse, Matthias, 2001. "Transaktionskosten und Wettbewerbspolitik," HWWA Discussion Papers 116, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26144
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Transaction costs; trade; competition policy;

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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