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Transaktionskosten und Wettbewerbspolitik

  • Busse, Matthias

Die Unternehmen stehen durch die fortschreitende Globalisierung der Weltwirtschaft in einem zunehmend internationalen Wettbewerb, wovon jedoch nicht alle Branchen im gleichen Ausmaß erfasst werden. Determiniert wird der Globalisierungsgrad einer Branche vor allem durch die Höhe der Transaktionskosten. Niedrige Transaktionskosten führen tendenziell zu globalisierten Märkten, hohe Transaktionskosten zu segmentierten Märkten. Damit kommt den Transaktionskosten eine erhebliche Bedeutung im Falle von wettbewerbspolitischen Entscheidungen bei Unternehmenszusammenschlüssen zu, da sie Auskunft über die Höhe des potentiellen Wettbewerbs geben können. Jedoch sind mit heterogenen Konsumentenpräferenzen und Produktdifferenzierungen zwei weitere Determinanten zu beachten. Zudem sind die Transaktionskosten nur relativ ungenau zu berechnen, weshalb dieser Ansatz nicht allgemein gilt, sondern vielmehr im Einzelfall sinnvoll ist.

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Paper provided by Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA) in its series HWWA Discussion Papers with number 116.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26144
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  1. Elhanan Helpman, 1999. "The Structure of Foreign Trade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(2), pages 121-144, Spring.
  2. Victor V Cordell, 1992. "Effects of Consumer Preferences for Foreign Sourced Products," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 23(2), pages 251-269, June.
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  4. James E. Anderson & Douglas Marcouiller, 1999. "Trade, Insecurity, and Home Bias: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 7000, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Michael Daly & Hiroaki Kuwahara, 1998. "The Impact of the Uruguay Round on Tariff and Non-Tariff Barriers to Trade in the 'Quad'," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 207-234, 03.
  6. Roy, Santanu & Viaene, Jean-Marie, 1998. "Preferences, Country Bias, and International Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(2), pages 204-19, May.
  7. Trefler, Daniel, 1995. "The Case of the Missing Trade and Other Mysteries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1029-46, December.
  8. Amelung, Torsten, 1990. "Explaining regionalization of trade in Asia Pacific: A transaction cost approach," Kiel Working Papers 423, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
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