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Arbeitsmarktinstitutionen und die langfristige Entwicklung der Arbeitslosigkeit: Empirische Ergebnisse für 19 OECD-Länder

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  • Rottmann, Horst
  • Flaig, Gebhard

Abstract

Ein wichtiger Erklärungsfaktor für die Entwicklung der Arbeitslosenquote sind die Institutionen des Arbeitsmarktes. Diese Arbeit zeigt empirische Ergebnisse für verschiedene Paneldaten-Modelle. Gegenüber der bisherigen Literatur unterscheidet sich der Ansatz durch drei Aspekte: 1) Wir verwenden nicht die tatsächliche Arbeitslosenquote oder Mehrjahresdurchschnitte, sondern ihre Trendkomponente. 2) Wir verwenden einen langen Schätzzeitraum von 1960 bis 2000, was gewährleistet, dass genügend Variation der Institutionen innerhalb der einzelnen Länder vorliegt. 3) Wir lassen Variationen der Parameter der Institutionen zwischen den Ländern zu. Es zeigt sich, dass vor allem der Kündigungsschutz, die Lohnersatzrate und der Abgabenkeil signifikante Effekte auf die langfristige Entwicklung der Arbeitslosenquote haben.

Suggested Citation

  • Rottmann, Horst & Flaig, Gebhard, 2009. "Arbeitsmarktinstitutionen und die langfristige Entwicklung der Arbeitslosigkeit: Empirische Ergebnisse für 19 OECD-Länder," Weidener Diskussionspapiere 17, University of Applied Sciences Amberg-Weiden (OTH).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:hawdps:17
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Stephen Nickell, 2003. "Labour Market Institutions and Unemployment in OECD Countries," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 1(2), pages 13-26, October.
    2. Blanchard, Olivier & Wolfers, Justin, 2000. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages 1-33, March.
    3. Eichhorst, Werner & Feil, Michael & Braun, Christoph, 2008. "What Have We Learned? Assessing Labor Market Institutions and Indicators," IZA Discussion Papers 3470, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Andrea Bassanini & Romain Duval, 2007. "The determinants of unemployment across OECD countries: Reassessing the role of policies and institutions," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2006(1), pages 7-86.
    5. Gayle Allard, 2005. "Measuring The Changing Generosity Of Unemployment Benefits: Beyond Existing Indicators," Working Papers Economia wp05-18, Instituto de Empresa, Area of Economic Environment.
    6. Gayle Allard, 2005. "Measuring job security over time: in search of a historical indicator for EPL," Working Papers Economia wp05-17, Instituto de Empresa, Area of Economic Environment.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Arbeitslosenquote; Arbeitslosigkeit; Arbeitsmarktinstitutionen; Panelschätzungen; internationaler Vergleich; Kündigungsschutz; Lohnersatzrate; Abgabenkeil;

    JEL classification:

    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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