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Ehrbare Staaten? Die Ergebnisse der Generationenbilanzierung im internationalen Vergleich

  • Hagist, Christian
  • Moog, Stefan
  • Raffelhüschen, Bernd
  • Vatter, Johannes
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    Ein fiskalischer Vergleich entwickelter Staaten geschieht häufig über jährliche Indikatoren wie etwa den Maastricht-Kriterien Defizit-und Schuldenquote. Um jedoch die Tragfähigkeit einer jeweiligen Fiskalpolitik einschätzen zu können, bedarf es der Erweiterung der Perspektive um langfristige implizite Verpflichtungen, welche hauptsächlich in Sozialversicherungssystemen begründet sind. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht mit Hilfe von Generationenbilanzen die fiskalische Nachhaltigkeit von acht Staaten (Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Norwegen, Österreich, Schweiz, Spanien und die Vereinigten Staaten). Dabei ergibt sich ein relativ komplexes Bild. Während die anglosächsischen Staaten zwar die absolut gesehen höchsten impliziten Lasten aufweisen, sähen sich bei einer nachhaltigen Steuerpolitik Österreich, Frankreich und Deutschland Abgabenquotienten von fast bzw. über 50 Prozent gegenübergestellt.

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    Paper provided by University of Freiburg, Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG) in its series FZG Discussion Papers with number 34.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:fzgdps:34
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    1. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1991. "Social Security and Medicare Policy From the Perspective of Generational Accounting," NBER Working Papers 3915, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Markus Knell, 2005. "Demographic Fluctuations, Sustainability Factors and Intergenerational Fairness – An Assessment of Austria's New Pension System," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 23–42.
    3. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1991. "Generational Accounts: A Meaningful Alternative to Deficit Accounting," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 5, pages 55-110 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Hagist, Christian & Heidler, Matthias & Raffelhüschen, Bernd & Schoder, Jörg, 2007. "Die Generationenbilanz - Brandmelder der Zukunft, Update 2007: Demografie trifft Konjunktur," FZG Discussion Papers 17, University of Freiburg, Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG).
    5. Oliver Ehrentraut & Matthias Heidler, 2008. "Zur nachhaltigen Finanzierung der GRV: Der Beitrag der Altersgrenzenanhebung im Rentenreformprozess," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 9(4), pages 424-445, November.
    6. Markus Knell & Walpurga Köhler-Töglhofer & Doris Prammer, 2006. "The Austrian Pension System – How Recent Reforms Have Changed Fiscal Sustainability and Pension Benefits," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 69–93.
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