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Ehrbare Staaten? Die Ergebnisse der Generationenbilanzierung im internationalen Vergleich

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  • Hagist, Christian
  • Moog, Stefan
  • Raffelhüschen, Bernd
  • Vatter, Johannes

Abstract

Ein fiskalischer Vergleich entwickelter Staaten geschieht häufig über jährliche Indikatoren wie etwa den Maastricht-Kriterien Defizit-und Schuldenquote. Um jedoch die Tragfähigkeit einer jeweiligen Fiskalpolitik einschätzen zu können, bedarf es der Erweiterung der Perspektive um langfristige implizite Verpflichtungen, welche hauptsächlich in Sozialversicherungssystemen begründet sind. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht mit Hilfe von Generationenbilanzen die fiskalische Nachhaltigkeit von acht Staaten (Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Norwegen, Österreich, Schweiz, Spanien und die Vereinigten Staaten). Dabei ergibt sich ein relativ komplexes Bild. Während die anglosächsischen Staaten zwar die absolut gesehen höchsten impliziten Lasten aufweisen, sähen sich bei einer nachhaltigen Steuerpolitik Österreich, Frankreich und Deutschland Abgabenquotienten von fast bzw. über 50 Prozent gegenübergestellt.

Suggested Citation

  • Hagist, Christian & Moog, Stefan & Raffelhüschen, Bernd & Vatter, Johannes, 2009. "Ehrbare Staaten? Die Ergebnisse der Generationenbilanzierung im internationalen Vergleich," FZG Discussion Papers 34, University of Freiburg, Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:fzgdps:34
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1991. "Generational Accounts: A Meaningful Alternative to Deficit Accounting," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 5, pages 55-110 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1992. "Social Security and Medicare Policy from the Perspective of Generational Accounting," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 6, pages 129-145 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Markus Knell & Walpurga Köhler-Töglhofer & Doris Prammer, 2006. "The Austrian Pension System – How Recent Reforms Have Changed Fiscal Sustainability and Pension Benefits," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 69-93.
    4. Oliver Ehrentraut & Matthias Heidler, 2008. "Zur nachhaltigen Finanzierung der GRV: Der Beitrag der Altersgrenzenanhebung im Rentenreformprozess," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 9(4), pages 424-445, November.
    5. Hagist, Christian & Heidler, Matthias & Raffelhüschen, Bernd & Schoder, Jörg, 2007. "Die Generationenbilanz - Brandmelder der Zukunft, Update 2007: Demografie trifft Konjunktur," FZG Discussion Papers 17, University of Freiburg, Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG).
    6. Markus Knell, 2005. "Demographic Fluctuations, Sustainability Factors and Intergenerational Fairness – An Assessment of Austria's New Pension System," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 23-42.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eich, Frank, 2010. "Who will pay? Inter-generational transfers and public sector pensions," EconStor Preprints 54558, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.

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