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Ehrbare Staaten? Die deutsche Generationenbilanz im internationalen Vergleich: Wie gut ist Deutschland auf die demografische Herausforderung vorbereitet?

  • Moog, Stefan
  • Müller, Christoph
  • Raffelhüschen, Bernd
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    Ein fiskalischer Vergleich entwickelter Staaten geschieht häufig über jährliche Indikatoren wie etwa den Maastricht-Kriterien Defizit- und Schuldenquote. Um jedoch die Tragfähigkeit einer jeweiligen Fiskalpolitik einschätzen zu können, bedarf es der Erweiterung der Perspektive um langfristige implizite Verpflichtungen, welche hauptsächlich in Sozialversicherungssystemen begründet sind. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht mit Hilfe von Generationenbilanzen die fiskalische Nachhaltigkeit von acht Staaten (Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Norwegen, Österreich, Schweiz, Spanien und die Vereinigten Staaten). Neben einem internationalen Nachhaltigkeitsranking findet sich in dieser Studie auch eine exemplarische Analyse und Bewertung dessen, was in den betrachteten Ländern im Bereich der Alterssicherung auf den Weg gebracht wurde. Dabei zeigt sich, dass der in Deutschland gewählte Weg einer Kombination aus Nachhaltigkeitsfaktor, staatlich geförderter privater Altersvorsorge (Riester-Rente) und Rente mit 67 die Belastungen im internationalen Vergleich ausgewogen verteilt.

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    Paper provided by Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG), University of Freiburg in its series FZG Discussion Papers with number 44.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:fzgdps:44
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    Web page: http://www.generationenvertraege.de/

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    1. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1992. "Social Security and Medicare Policy from the Perspective of Generational Accounting," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 6, pages 129-145 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Oliver Ehrentraut & Matthias Heidler, 2008. "Zur nachhaltigen Finanzierung der GRV: Der Beitrag der Altersgrenzenanhebung im Rentenreformprozess," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 9(4), pages 424-445, November.
    3. Hagist, Christian & Raffelhüschen, Bernd & Weddige, Olaf, 2006. "Brandmelder der Zukunft: Die aktuelle Generationenbilanz," Argumente zur Marktwirtschaft und Politik 97, Stiftung Marktwirtschaft / The Market Economy Foundation, Berlin.
    4. Markus Knell, 2005. "Demographic Fluctuations, Sustainability Factors and Integenerational Fairness – An Assessment of Austria's New Pension System," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 23–42.
    5. Alan J. Auerbach & Jagadeesh Gokhale & Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 1991. "Generational Accounts - A Meaningful Alternative to Deficit Accounting," NBER Working Papers 3589, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Queisser, Monika & Whitehouse, Edward, 2005. "Pensions at a glance: public policies across OECD countries," MPRA Paper 10907, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Markus Knell & Walpurga Köhler-Töglhofer & Doris Prammer, 2006. "The Austrian Pension System – How Recent Reforms Have Changed Fiscal Sustainability and Pension Benefits," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 69–93.
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