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Markt und Marktwirtschaft

  • Kirstein, Roland

Der Beitrag führt in das Konzept der Marktwirtschaft ein. Im Vergleich mit anderen Wirtschaftsordnungen wird der Preismechanismus als entscheidender Unterschied herausgestellt, der zugleich Anreiz- und Informationswirkung entfaltet und somit Ineffizienzprobleme der alternativen Systeme zu überwinden vermag. Die strengen Anforderungen der ökonomischen Theorie müssen nicht einmal erfüllt sein, wie Experimente gezeigt haben. Allerdings kann es aufgrund externer Effekte, asymmetrischer Information oder natürlicher Monopole zu Marktversagen kommen; ein weiterer Ansatzpunkt für die Notwendigkeit staatlicher Regulierung wären unerwünschte Verteilungswirkungen. Der Beitrag nimmt Bezug auf die moderne Institutionenökonomik und geht auf makroökonomische Erwägungen ein.

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Paper provided by Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics in its series CSLE Discussion Paper Series with number 2006-11.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200611
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  1. Kirstein, Roland, 1997. "Law And Economics In Germany," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 97-10, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
  2. Vernon L. Smith, 1962. "An Experimental Study of Competitive Market Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 111.
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