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Markt und Marktwirtschaft


  • Kirstein, Roland


Der Beitrag führt in das Konzept der Marktwirtschaft ein. Im Vergleich mit anderen Wirtschaftsordnungen wird der Preismechanismus als entscheidender Unterschied herausgestellt, der zugleich Anreiz- und Informationswirkung entfaltet und somit Ineffizienzprobleme der alternativen Systeme zu überwinden vermag. Die strengen Anforderungen der ökonomischen Theorie müssen nicht einmal erfüllt sein, wie Experimente gezeigt haben. Allerdings kann es aufgrund externer Effekte, asymmetrischer Information oder natürlicher Monopole zu Marktversagen kommen; ein weiterer Ansatzpunkt für die Notwendigkeit staatlicher Regulierung wären unerwünschte Verteilungswirkungen. Der Beitrag nimmt Bezug auf die moderne Institutionenökonomik und geht auf makroökonomische Erwägungen ein.

Suggested Citation

  • Kirstein, Roland, 2006. "Markt und Marktwirtschaft," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2006-11, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200611

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Vernon L. Smith, 1962. "An Experimental Study of Competitive Market Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 111-111.
    2. Kirstein, Roland, 1997. "Law And Economics In Germany," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 97-10, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
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    More about this item


    market failure; spontaneous order; Ordoliberalism; experiments; efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • P10 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - General
    • B20 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - General
    • A10 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - General


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