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Commonalities in the order book

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  • Beltran-Lopez, Héléna
  • Giot, Pierre
  • Grammig, Joachim G.

Abstract

This paper uses data from one of the most important European stock markets and shows that, in line with predictions from theoretical market microstructure, a small number of latent factors captures most of the variation in stock specific order books. We show that these order book commonalities are much stronger than liquidity commonality across stocks. The result that bid and ask side as well as the visible and hidden parts of the order book exhibit quite specific dynamics is interpreted as evidence that open order book markets attract a heterogeneous trader population in terms of asset valuations and impatience. Quantifying the informational content of the extracted factors with respect to the evolution of the asset price we find that the factor information shares are highest (about ten percent) for less frequently traded stocks. We also show that the informational content of hidden orders is limited.

Suggested Citation

  • Beltran-Lopez, Héléna & Giot, Pierre & Grammig, Joachim G., 2009. "Commonalities in the order book," CFR Working Papers 09-05, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cfrwps:0905
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dionne, Georges & Pacurar, Maria & Zhou, Xiaozhou, 2015. "Liquidity-adjusted Intraday Value at Risk modeling and risk management: An application to data from Deutsche Börse," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 202-219.
    2. Michael Chlistalla & Marco Lutat, 2011. "Competition in securities markets: the impact on liquidity," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 25(2), pages 149-172, June.
    3. Kempf, Alexander & Mayston, Daniel, 2006. "Liquidity commonality beyond best prices," CFR Working Papers 06-04, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    4. Hagströmer, Björn & Anderson, Richard G. & Binner, Jane & Nilsson, Birger, 2009. "Dynamics in Systematic Liquidity," Working Papers 2009:7, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    5. D'Hondt, Catherine & Majois, Christophe & Mazza, Paolo, 2015. "Commonality on Euronext: Do location and account type matter?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 183-198.
    6. Gomber, Peter & Schweickert, Uwe & Theissen, Erik, 2011. "Liquidity dynamics in an electronic open limit order book: An event study approach," CFR Working Papers 11-14, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    7. Grammig, Joachin & Heinen, Andreas & Rengifo, Erick, 2004. "Trading activity and liquidity supply in a pure limit order book market: An empirical analysis using a multivariate count data model," MPRA Paper 8115, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    limit order book; commonalities; liquidity; market microstructure;

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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