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Etablierung eines außerbörslichen Kapitalmarktes für das Langlebigkeitsrisiko

  • Bohm, Thomas
  • Waldvogel, Felix
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    Die demografische Entwicklung unterstreicht die hohe Relevanz des sog. Langlebigkeitsrisikos für Altersvorsorgeeinrichtungen. Außerbörsliche Kapitalmarktinstrumente sind eine relativ neue potenzielle Form zur Absicherung gegen das Langlebigkeitsrisiko. Im Beitrag werden theoretisch und empirisch Produktdesignkriterien für Langlebigkeitsinstrumente und deren Basisobjekte erarbeitet, die Grundlage für die Etablierung eines weitgehend liquiden außerbörslichen Kapitalmarktes für das Langlebigkeitsrisiko sind. Zudem soll der Bedarf für einen solchen Kapitalmarkt in Deutschland analysiert werden. Für die empirische Kontrolle wurde eine Umfrage durchgeführt. Es zeigt sich, dass Langlebigkeitsinstrumente nur Differenzausgleiche abdecken und Cashflow-Ausgleiche gewähren sollten und eine langfristige Ausgestaltung erforderlich ist. Dabei werden die reine Verbriefung des Langlebigkeitsrisikos und die Verwendung kumulativer Überlebensindizes als Basisobjekte bevorzugt. Zur Standardisierung sollten die Überlebensindizes auf Bevölkerungsgruppen beruhen, die nach sozioökonomischen Faktoren zur Basisrisikominimierung weiter untergliedert werden. Von hoher Relevanz ist zudem die Unabhängigkeit der Anbieter von Überlebensindizes.

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    Paper provided by University of Bayreuth, Chair of Finance and Banking in its series Bayreuth Working Papers on Finance, Accounting and Taxation (FAcT-Papers) with number 2012-02.

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    Date of creation: 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:bayfat:201202
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Universitätsstraße 30, 95440 Bayreuth
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    1. Kevin Dowd, 2003. "Survivor Bonds: A Comment on Blake and Burrows," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 70(2), pages 339-348.
    2. Pablo Antolin & Hans J. Blommestein, 2007. "Governments and the Market for Longevity-indexed Bonds," Financial Market Trends, OECD Publishing, vol. 2007(1), pages 153-175.
    3. Pauline Barrieu & Harry Bensusan & Nicole El Karoui & Caroline Hillairet & Stéphane Loisel & Claudia Ravanelli & Yahia Salhi, 2012. "Understanding, Modeling and Managing Longevity Risk: Key Issues and Main Challenges," Post-Print hal-00417800, HAL.
    4. Wang Jennifer L. & Yang Sharon S., 2008. "Pricing and Implementation of Longevity Bonds in Taiwan," Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-18, September.
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    6. Blake, David & Boardman, Tom & Cairns, Andrew, 2010. "Sharing longevity risk: Why governments should issue longevity bonds," MPRA Paper 34184, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Blake, David & Dowd, Kevin & Cairns, Andrew J.G., 2008. "Longevity risk and the Grim Reaper's toxic tail: The survivor fan charts," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 1062-1066, June.
    8. Kevin Dowd & David Blake & Andrew J. G. Cairns & Paul Dawson, 2006. "Survivor Swaps," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 73(1), pages 1-17.
    9. Andrew J. G. Cairns & David Blake & Kevin Dowd, 2006. "A Two-Factor Model for Stochastic Mortality with Parameter Uncertainty: Theory and Calibration," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 73(4), pages 687-718.
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