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Work Design Practices: Do Trade Unions Make a Difference?


  • Tomislav Hernaus

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb)

  • Ana Aleksić

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb)

  • Ivana Marić

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb)


Work design and implementation of various work design practices can be constrained or fostered by various factors, among which trade unions should be considered as an important one. Research conducted among large-sized Croatian companies shows that it is possible to recognize significant differences among union- and non-union organizations regarding the use of innovative work design practices. Independent samples t-test revealed that non-union organizations use flexible working arrangements more extensively than their unionized counterparts. Additionally, traditional job design strategies and teamwork practices are also more represented within non-unionized work setting. Research findings clearly indicate how trade unions have a significant impact on the implementation of different work design practices. In other words, their influence on work design practice should not be neglected.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomislav Hernaus & Ana Aleksić & Ivana Marić, 2012. "Work Design Practices: Do Trade Unions Make a Difference?," EFZG Working Papers Series 1204, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb.
  • Handle: RePEc:zag:wpaper:1204

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    File Function: First version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gallagher, William E, Jr & Einhorn, Hillel J, 1976. "Motivation Theory and Job Design," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(3), pages 358-373, July.
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    More about this item


    Work design; trade unions; human resource management; Croatia;

    JEL classification:

    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation

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