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Tourism and urban transport: Holding demand pressure under supply constraints

Author

Listed:
  • Daniel Albalate

    (PPRE-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona)

  • Germà Bel

    () (PPRE-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona)

Abstract

Scholars and local planners are increasingly interested in tourism contribution to economic and social development. To this regard, several European cities lead the world rankings on tourist arrivals, and their governments have promoted tourism activity. Mobility is an essential service for tourists visiting large cities, since it is a crucial factor for their comfort. In addition, it facilitates the spread of benefits across the city. The aim of this study is to determine whether city planners respond to this additional urban transport demand pressure by extending supply services. We use an international database of European cities. Our results confirm that tourism intensity is a demand enhancing factor on urban transport. Contrarily, cities do not seem to address this pressure by increasing service supply. This suggests that tourism exerts a positive externality on public transport since it provides additional funding for these services, but it imposes as well external costs on resident users because of congestion given supply constraints.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Albalate & Germà Bel, 2008. "Tourism and urban transport: Holding demand pressure under supply constraints," Working Papers XREAP2008-14, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Dec 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:xrp:wpaper:xreap2008-14
    as

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    File URL: http://www.xreap.cat/RePEc/xrp/pdf/XREAP2008-14.pdf
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    File URL: http://www.xreap.cat/RePEc/xrp/pdf/XREAP2008-14.pdf
    File Function: Revised version, 2008
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Daniel Albalate & Germà Bel, 2009. "Factors explaining urban transport systems in large European cities: A cross-sectional approach," IREA Working Papers 200905, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Apr 2009.
    2. Crouch, Geoffrey I. & Ritchie, J. R. Brent, 1999. "Tourism, Competitiveness, and Societal Prosperity," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 137-152, March.
    3. Naudé, Wim & Saayman, Andrea, 2005. "Determinants of tourist arrivals in Africa: a panel data regression analysis," MPRA Paper 16479, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jordi Jofre-Monseny & Raquel Marín-López & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal, 2012. "What underlies localization and urbanization economies? Evidence from the location of new firms," Working Papers 2012/9, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    2. repec:oup:jcomle:v:10:y:2014:i:1:p:107-136. is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ramon Alemany & Catalina Bolancé & Montserrat Guillén, 2012. "Nonparametric estimation of Value-at-Risk," Working Papers XREAP2012-19, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Oct 2012.
    4. Guglielmo D’Amico & Montserrat Guillen & Raimondo Manca, 2012. "Discrete time Non-homogeneous Semi-Markov Processes applied to Models for Disability Insurance," Working Papers XREAP2012-05, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Mar 2012.
    5. Joan-Ramon Borrell & Juan Luis Jiménez & Carmen García, 2014. "Evaluating Antitrust Leniency Programs," Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(1), pages 107-136.
    6. Antonio Manresa & Ferran Sancho, 2012. "Leontief versus Ghosh: two faces of the same coin," Working Papers XREAP2012-18, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Oct 2012.
    7. Vicente Royuela, 2012. "What about people in European Regional Science?," Working Papers XREAP2012-12, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised May 2012.
    8. Antoni Ferri & Montserrat Guillén & Lluís Bermúdez, 2012. "Solvency Capital estimation and Risk Measures," Working Papers XREAP2012-02, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Jan 2012.
    9. Antoni Ferri & Lluís Bermúdez & Montserrat Guillén, 2012. "How to use the standard model with own data?," Working Papers XREAP2012-03, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Feb 2012.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tourism; Urban Transport; Local government;

    JEL classification:

    • H70 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - General
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • L98 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Government Policy
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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