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Drug Consumption and Intra-Household Distribution of Resources: The Case of Qat in an African Society

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  • Sara Borelli

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  • Federico Perali

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Abstract

This paper estimates the rule governing the intra-household resource allocation between the husband and the wife representing children’s interests using 1996 data for the African society of Djibouti. In the Horn of Africa the consumption of qat (a substance similar to amphetamine) is an expensive habit of the male population. We estimate the sharing rule to understand the relationship between the use of qat and the allocation of household resources. Qat is perceived as a desirable good by the consumers but is also a private bad because harmful to the personal health. Further, its consumption implies a trade-off between the consumption of adult males and the claims over resources of the party formed by the female adults and the children. The study uses a structural estimation of the sharing rule within a collective system of individual demands. The results show that households where qat is consumed share resources more unequally with respect to households where qat is not consumed.

Suggested Citation

  • Sara Borelli & Federico Perali, 2003. "Drug Consumption and Intra-Household Distribution of Resources: The Case of Qat in an African Society," CHILD Working Papers wp06_03, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpc:wplist:wp06_03
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    File URL: http://www.child.carloalberto.org/images/wp/child06_2003.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1, April.
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    3. Bourguignon, Francois & Chiappori, Pierre-Andre, 1992. "Collective models of household behavior : An introduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(2-3), pages 355-364, April.
    4. FranÚois Bourguignon, 1999. "The cost of children: May the collective approach to household behavior help?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 12(4), pages 503-521.
    5. Goldberger, Arthur S, 1972. "Maximum-Likelihood Estimation of Regressions Containing Unobservable Independent Variables," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 13(1), pages 1-15, February.
    6. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    7. Pierre-Andre Chiappori & Bernard Fortin & Guy Lacroix, 2002. "Marriage Market, Divorce Legislation, and Household Labor Supply," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(1), pages 37-72, February.
    8. Mroz, Thomas A, 1987. "The Sensitivity of an Empirical Model of Married Women's Hours of Work to Economic and Statistical Assumptions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 765-799, July.
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    11. Antonella Caiumi & Federico Perali, 1999. "Children And Intrahousehold Distribution Of Resources: An Estimate Of The Sharing Rule Of Italian Households," CHILD Working Papers wp07_00, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
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    Cited by:

    1. Martina Menon & Federico Perali & Luca Piccoli, 2008. "The passive drinking effect: Evidence from Italy," Working Papers halshs-00586686, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intra-household allocation; sharing rule; qat; drug consumption; education; Djibouti;

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General

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