Poverty and Inequality in Rural Assam An Indicative Study of Seven Villages in Udalguri Subdivision, Assam (India)
This study is based on primary data collected from randomly chosen 182 households inhabiting seven sample villages in the Udalguri subdivision, Assam (india). It indicates that at least 35.85 percent of the population (and 33.52 percent of households) in the sample villages is below poverty line (at Rs. 400 per capita per month). On the other hand, no more than 39.5 percent of the people (and 37.36 percent households) is likely to stand under the poverty line (at Rs. 425 per capita per month). The observed values of Gini index in the sample villages are considerably high. In the first five villages the Gini index is 41.84 while in the last two villages it is 48.69. Overall the value of Gini index in the sample villages is 44.31. The prime reasons of poverty are excessive dependence on primary sector, disguised unemployment, poor development of marketing facilities, connectivity and power supply, poor agricultural productivity, absence of any significant manufacturing activities, etc resulting into an hourglass shaped occupational distribution.
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