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The PD-Utility Function for Prospect Behavior and Related Researches

Author

Listed:
  • Feng Dai

    (Zhengzhou Information Engineering University)

  • Songtao Wu

    (Zhengzhou Information Engineering University)

  • Yajun Zuang

    (Zhengzhou Information Engineering University)

Abstract

Based on Partial Distribution [11],[12], we put forward a PD-utility function of prospect behavior for the first time, the profiting utility function and losing utility function. The PD-utility function can reflect sufficiently the human¡¯s risk preferences properties to profiting or losing, describe and bring to light availably the important relations between profiting utility and losing utility, and interpret many conclusions in Daniel Kahneman¡¯s prospect theory in analytic way. Also we present the concepts and analytic expressions of essential indexes of realized level for prospect behavior, the limit value, the balanced value, and focus value, especially the method of calculating them. The limit level is beneficial to judge the reversal position of reality movement trend, and the latter is beneficial to judge that the focus of current reality is reasonableness or not. And we give out the calculating formula for the optimal value of realized level for prospect with its appearing probability.

Suggested Citation

  • Feng Dai & Songtao Wu & Yajun Zuang, 2004. "The PD-Utility Function for Prospect Behavior and Related Researches," Others 0403003, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpot:0403003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kahneman, Daniel & Knetsch, Jack L & Thaler, Richard H, 1986. "Fairness and the Assumptions of Economics," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(4), pages 285-300, October.
    2. Tversky, Amos & Slovic, Paul & Kahneman, Daniel, 1990. "The Causes of Preference Reversal," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(1), pages 204-217, March.
    3. Kahneman, Daniel & Knetsch, Jack L & Thaler, Richard, 1986. "Fairness as a Constraint on Profit Seeking: Entitlements in the Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 728-741, September.
    4. Kahneman, Daniel & Tversky, Amos, 1979. "Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(2), pages 263-291, March.
    5. Kahneman, Daniel & Thaler, Richard H, 1991. "Economic Analysis and the Psychology of Utility: Applications to Compensation Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 341-346, May.
    6. Kahneman, Daniel & Knetsch, Jack L & Thaler, Richard H, 1990. "Experimental Tests of the Endowment Effect and the Coase Theorem," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(6), pages 1325-1348, December.
    7. Daniel Kahneman & Jack L. Knetsch & Richard H. Thaler, 1991. "Anomalies: The Endowment Effect, Loss Aversion, and Status Quo Bias," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 5(1), pages 193-206, Winter.
    8. Tversky, Amos & Kahneman, Daniel, 1986. "Rational Choice and the Framing of Decisions," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(4), pages 251-278, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    partial distribution; PD-utility function; prospect behavior; essential indexes; optimal value;

    JEL classification:

    • P - Economic Systems

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