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Job satisfaction among US Ph.D. graduates: the effects of gender and employment sector


  • Philippe Moguerou



In this paper we try to understand the determinants of job satisfaction. The population of US Ph.D. graduates provides a useful homogeneity - same level of education - and an interesting heterogeneity - different career outcomes, academics vs. non academics. Empirically we use the Survey of Doctorate Recipients carried out by the NSF. We estimate models on a sample of 30,000 Ph.D.s in science and engineering. Contrary to all the previous studies we find that females express themselves as less satisfied with their jobs than males. More generally, we find that job satisfaction is explained by different sets of variables respectively for males and females, and for academics and non-academics.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Moguerou, 2002. "Job satisfaction among US Ph.D. graduates: the effects of gender and employment sector," Labor and Demography 0204002, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0204002
    Note: Type of Document - Acrobat PDF; prepared on IBM PC; to print on HP; pages: 30 ; figures: included

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. McVicar, Duncan & McKee, Brian, 2002. "Part-Time Work during Post-compulsory Education and Examination Performance: Help or Hindrance?," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 49(4), pages 393-406, September.
    2. David Armstrong & Duncan McVicar, 2000. "Value added in further education and vocational training in Northern Ireland," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(13), pages 1727-1736.
    3. Mark Bailey & Tony Mallier, 1999. "The summer vacation: influences on the hours students work," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(1), pages 9-15.
    4. Layard, R & Barton, M & Zabalza, A, 1980. "Married Women's Participation and Hours," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 47(185), pages 51-72, February.
    5. John Micklewright & Najma Rajah & Stephen Smith, 1994. "Labouring and Learning: Part-Time Work and Full-Time Education," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 148(1), pages 73-97, May.
    6. Christian Dustmann & John Mickelwright & Najma Rajah & Stephen Smith, 1996. "Earning and learning: educational policy and the growth of part-time work by full-time pupils," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 17(1), pages 79-103, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Theodossiou, I. & Vasileiou, E., 2007. "Making the risk of job loss a way of life: Does it affect job satisfaction?," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 71-83, June.
    2. Geoff Davis, 2009. "Improving the Postdoctoral Experience: An Empirical Approach," NBER Chapters,in: Science and Engineering Careers in the United States: An Analysis of Markets and Employment, pages 99-127 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Pierre Béret & Jean-François Giret & Isabelle Recotillet, 2002. "Etude sur la mobilité des jeunes docteurs," Working Papers halshs-00005800, HAL.
    4. Antonio Di Paolo, 2012. "(Endogenous) occupational choices and job satisfaction among recent PhD recipients: evidence from Catalonia," Working Papers XREAP2012-21, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Dec 2012.
    5. Skalli, Ali & Theodossiou, Ioannis & Vasileiou, Efi, 2008. "Jobs as Lancaster goods: Facets of job satisfaction and overall job satisfaction," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1906-1920, October.
    6. J Taylor & S Bradley & A N Nguyen, 2003. "Job autonomy and job satisfaction: new evidence," Working Papers 541528, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.

    More about this item


    Ph.D.; job satisfaction; professional labor markets;

    JEL classification:

    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations

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