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Causes of Export Instability in Nepal


  • Satis Chandra Devkota

    (Nepal Electricity Authority, Kathmandu, Nepal.)


Heavy and sudden fluctuations in exports and price of exports creates the serious problems in balance of payments (BOP), national income, investment and then also creates the severe adverse impact on the overall growth of lessdeveloped countries. The severe consequences of export instability at the various front of the economy are ratchet effect on wages and manufactured products in the industrialized countries, especially during the period after boom, and the inflationary consequences on the least developed countries (LDCs) through the higher prices. In addition, all most all of the countries mostly failed to meet the minimum import requirements of target rate of growth and as a consequence, a persistent trade gap would generate, which reduce the economic growth. The will reduce investment and saving and finally deteriorate the situation of tax revenue. In this context, most of the recent studies argued that instability in exports are related with commodity and geographic concentration index of exports, and gross domestic products (GDP) of the country. In addition to these, some other researchers argued that that export instability is also caused by growth rate of GDP. However, in this study we try to determine whether commodity and geographic concentration index of Nepalese exports and instability in agricultural and non-agricultural sector GDP cause export instability in Nepal by using the appropriate methodology as mentioned in this study.

Suggested Citation

  • Satis Chandra Devkota, 2004. "Causes of Export Instability in Nepal," International Trade 0410002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0410002
    Note: Type of Document - doc; pages: 13

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Massell, Benton F, 1970. "Export Instability and Economic Structure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(4), pages 618-630, September.
    2. Joseph J. Stern, 1969. "A Note on the Structure of Pakistan's Foreign Trade," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 9(2), pages 212-223.
    3. Stern, Joseph, 1969. "A Note On The Structure Of Pakistan'S Foreign Trade," Center for International Affairs (CIA) Archive 294552, Harvard University, Center for International Affairs.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sarada, C. & Ravinsankar, T. & Krishnan, M. & Anandanarayanan, C., 2006. "Indian Seafood Exports: Issues of Instability, Commodity Concentration and Geographical Spread," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 61(2), pages 1-15.
    2. Olajide S. Oladipo, 2017. "Export Instability and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Time Series Analysis," Working Papers 322, African Economic Research Consortium, Research Department.

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    More about this item


    Export Instability;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business


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