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Regional Economic Integration: The Canada-U.S. Experience

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  • Steven Globerman

    (Western Washington University)

Abstract

This paper assesses the nature and degree of bilateral economic integration preceding and following the implementation of the Canada- U.S. Free Trade Agreement (CUSTA). Various price-based and quantity- based indicators of economic integration are assessed. Results vary depending upon the indicator; however, on balance, the results provide only modest evidence of incremental integration in the post-CUSTA period. The findings serve as a caution against managers and policymakers assuming that regional integration is an inevitable dynamic and basing strategies and policies around this assumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Steven Globerman, 2004. "Regional Economic Integration: The Canada-U.S. Experience," International Trade 0406003, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0406003
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 40
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Devereux, Michael B. & Lane, Philip R., 2003. "Understanding bilateral exchange rate volatility," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 109-132, May.
    2. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1997. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(3), pages 1243-1272, September.
    3. Charles Engel & John H. Rogers, 1998. "Relative price volatility: what role does the border play?," International Finance Discussion Papers 623, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    4. Daniel Trefler, 2004. "The Long and Short of the Canada-U. S. Free Trade Agreement," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(4), pages 870-895, September.
    5. John F. Helliwell, 2001. "Canada: Life beyond the Looking Glass," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 15(1), pages 107-124, Winter.
    6. Philippe Bacchetta & Eric van Wincoop, 1998. "Does Exchange Rate Stability Increase Trade and Capital Flows?," Working Papers 98.04, Swiss National Bank, Study Center Gerzensee.
    7. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-623, June.
    8. Jeffrey Frankel & Andrew Rose, 2002. "An Estimate of the Effect of Common Currencies on Trade and Income," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 437-466.
    9. Yan, Beiling, 2002. "Purchasing Power Parity: A Canada/U.S. Exploration," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2002002e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    10. Steven Globerman, 2000. "Trade Liberalisation and the Migration of Skilled Professionals and Managers: The North American Experience," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(7), pages 901-922, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic integration; free trade agreements; trade; foreign direct investment; price convergence.;

    JEL classification:

    • F - International Economics

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